||Linux PPP Configuration
Red-Hat 6.0 Linuxconf
This document describes configuring a PPP connection to Datasync with
the linuxconf tool supplied with Redhat Linux 6.0. Earlier
versions should be similar though perhaps not exactly so.
You must have the linuxconf and ppp packages installed.
Verify this with rpm -q linuxconf and rpm -q ppp.
Your kernel must also support ppp. This should be true
with any Redhat-supplied kernel.
As the superuser (root), run linuxconf in a console or xterm
window. Linuxconf uses a series of expanding and collapsing
menus. If a menu is collapsed, it has a plus sign (+) in
front of it. If a menu is expanded, it has a minus sign (-)
in front. To expand a collapsed menu, use the up/down arrows
to highlight the desired selection and press ENTER.
Expand the menu labeled Config, then Networking
under it, then Client Tasks under it.
Now select PPP/SLIP/PLIP. You will get a dialog labeled
PPP/Slip/Plip configurations with a list of available
You may have one named ppp0 already configured.
If so, skip down to Configuring the PPP Interface.
Adding a new PPP Interface
Use TAB to get to the Add button and press ENTER.
For the type of interface, select PPP, then press Accept.
Now you can configure the ppp0 interface. Use these values:
- Phone number: enter your local Datasync dialup number. Find it
if you don't know it.
- Modem port: Usually this is /dev/modem, if you configured
the modem at install time. Otherwise use /dev/ttyS0 if
your modem is on COM1, /dev/ttyS1 for COM2, /dev/ttyS2
for COM3, or /dev/ttyS3 for COM4.
- Use PAP Authentication: Yes, check this box by pressing
SPACE while it's highlighted.
- Login name: your Datasync login ID.
- Password: you Datasync password.
Now press Accept to add the new ppp interface.
You will now go back to PPP/Slip/Plip configurations.
Configuring the PPP Interface
Highlight the ppp0 interface and press ENTER. These items
are of most interest:
- Allow any user (de)activate the interface: This allows you
to connect and disconnect as a non-root user, which is
generally a good idea.
- Modem port: set at interface addition time; see above
for possible values.
- Modem init string: usually this is ATZ, but you may need
additional commands here depending on your modem and line
quality. Append any additional strings you need to the ATZ.
- Phone number: set at interface addition time; find it
if you don't know it.
- In the Chat section, you should NOT have any Expect/Send
pairs for the login and password. On some of our servers
this will prevent you from logging in. There may a few
other things here like TIMEOUT, which is OK.
- Under Networking, Activate interface at boot time should
not be checked. Set Default Route should be checked.
- Finally, under PAP, the Username and Secret are your
Datasync login ID and Password.
Use the Accept button to save any changes.
You must also configure the DNS servers or you won't
be able to resolve any hostnames. This may also be
done in linuxconf under Client Tasks. Select
Name Server Specification (DNS).
In the Resolver configuration dialog, make sure
these are set:
- default domain: datasync.com
- nameserver 1: 126.96.36.199
- nameserver 2: 188.8.131.52
Logging in and out
Now you should be ready to log in. If the interface was
configured to allow any user to activate it, you need not
be root to do this. The command to connect is:
If the command ifup was not found, try /sbin/ifup ppp0.
Within a few seconds you, should hear the modem dial.
To follow the progress of the connection, you can run:
tail -f /var/log/messages
which will have to be done as root. Once you see pppd log
the local and remote IP addresses, you're in. Otherwise
there will be diagnostic information to help determine
why the login failed.
To logout, use the command:
or /sbin/ifdown ppp0. The modem should hang up.
Configuring additional PPP interfaces
By following the same steps described above, you can add
additional ppp interfaces, which will be named ppp1, ppp2, etc.
For example, you may wish to set up ppp1 to use a second dialup
number or to log in as a different user.
The use the alternate configuration, simply use its name instead
of ppp0 in the calls to ifup and ifdown, e.g. ifup ppp1.