Medal of Honor Recipients
Associated with the State of Maine

This page honors those men who received the Medal of Honor who are associated with the State of Maine. Associated is used because it not only lists those who were born in Maine, but in the case of some Civil War recipients that were born in another state, but served with Maine Volunteer regiments. There are many cases in which Maine-born recipients performed their heroic deeds with units from other states. The citations will have links to hometowns, burial places, and other related information - if it exists on the Web and we have located it.

Citations are from: The Center of Military History citations on-line. There are some errors in the CMH on-line records. I have used Medal Of Honor Recipients 1863-1994 by Lang, Collins and White (Copyright 1995 by Facts on File) to correct errors.
(Last updated 9/17/99)

Monument Park, Augusta
Honoring Maine Heroes

Maine Medal of Honor Statistics
Maine Military Historical Society Museum
Medal of Honor Recipients Buried in Maine

Navy Civil War Battle Streamer

Civil War

AMES, ADELBERT
Rank and organization: First Lieutenant, 5th U.S. Artillery. Place and date: At Bull Run, Va., 21 July 1861. Entered service at: Rockland, Maine. Born: East Thomaston, Maine. Date of issue: 22 June 1894. Citation: remained upon the field in command of a section of Griffin's Battery, directing its fire after being severely wounded and refusing to leave the field until too weak to sit upon the caisson where he had been placed by men of his command.
General Ames is buried in the Hildreth Family cemetery, Lowell, Massachusetts.

ANGLING, JOHN
Rank and organization: Cabin Boy, USN. Born: 1850, Portland, Maine. G.O. No.: 59, 22 June 1865. Citation: Served on board the USS Pontoosuc during the capture of Fort Fisher and Wilmington, 24 December 1864 to 22 January 1865. Carrying out his duties faithfully during this period, C.B. Angling was recommended for gallantry and skill and for his cool courage while under the fire of the enemy throughout these various actions.
CB Angling is buried in Calvary cemetery, Portland, Maine.

BELCHER, THOMAS
Rank and organization: Pvt, Co I, 9th Maine Inf. Action: At Chapins Farm, Va, 29 Sep 1864. Entered service at: Bangor, Maine. Born: Bangor, Maine. Issued: 6 Apr 1865. Citation: Took a guidon from the hands of the bearer, mortally wounded, and advanced with it nearer to the battery than any other man.
PVT Belcher is buried in Togus, Maine (cemetery unknown).

BIBBER, CHARLES J.
Rank and organization: Gunner's Mate, USN. Born: 1838, Portland, ME. Accredited to: Maine. G.O. No.:45, 31 Dec 1864. Citation: Bibber served on board the USS Agawam, as one of a volunteer crew of a powder boat which was exploded near Fort Fisher 23 Dec 1864. The powder boat, towed in by the Wilderness to prevent detection by the enemy, cast off and slowly steamed to within 300 yards of the beach. After fuses and fires had been lit and a second anchor with short scope let go to assure the boat's tailing inshore, the crew again boarded the Wilderness and proceeded a distance of 12 miles from shore. Less than 2 hours later the explosion took place, and the following day fires were observed still burning at the forts.
GM Bibber is buried in Woodlawn cemetery in Everett, Massachusetts

BICKFORD, JOHN F.
Rank and organization: Captain of the Top, USN. Born: 1843, Tremont, Maine. Accredited to: Maine. G.O. No.:45, 31 Dec 1864. Citation: Served on board the USS Kearsarge when she destroyed the Alabama off Cherbourg, France, 19 June 1864. Acting as the first loader of the pivot gun during this bitter engagement Bickford exhibited marked coolness and good conduct and was highly recommended for his gallantry under fire by his divisional officer.
Captain of the Top Bickford is buried in Mount Pleasant cemetery, East Glouchester, Mass.

BOWMAN, EDWARD R.
Rank and organization: Quartermaster, U.S. Navy. Born: 1828, Eastport, Maine. Accredited to: Maine. G.O. No.: 59, 22 June 1865. Citation: On board the USS Ticonderoga during attacks on Fort Fisher 13 to 15 January 1865. Despite severe wounds sustained during the action Bowman displayed outstanding courage in the performance of duty as his ship maintained its well-placed fire upon the batteries on shore, and thereafter, as she materially lessened the power of guns on the mound which had been turned upon our assaulting columns. During this battle the flag was planted on one of the strongest fortifications possessed by the rebels.
Quartermaster Bowman is buried in Hillside cemetery in Eastport, Maine.

CHAMBERLAIN, JOSHUA L.
Rank and organization: Colonel, 20th Maine Infantry. Place and date: At Gettysburg, Pa., 2 July 1863. Entered service at: Brunswick, Maine. Born: 8 September 1828, Brewer, Maine. Date of issue: 11 August 1893. Citation: Daring heroism and great tenacity in holding his position on the Little Round Top against repeated assaults, and carrying the advance position on the Great Round Top.
General Chamberlain is buried in Pine Grove cemetery in Brunswick, Maine.

CHASE, JOHN F.
Rank and organization: Private, 5th Battery, Maine Light Artillery. Place and date: At Chancellorsville, Va., 3 May 1863. Entered service at: Augusta, Maine. Born: Chelsea, Maine. Date of issue: 7 February 1888. Citation: Nearly all the officers and men of the battery having been killed or wounded, this soldier with a comrade continued to fire his gun after the guns had ceased. The piece was then dragged off by the two, the horses having been shot, and its capture by the enemy was prevented.
CPT Chase is buried in St. Bartholomew cemetery, St. Petersburg, Fla.

CLARK, CHARLES A.
Rank and organization: Lieutenant and Adjutant, 6th Maine Infantry. Place and date: At Brooks Ford, Va., 4 May 1863. Entered service at: ------. Born: Sangerville, Maine. Date of issue: 13 May 1896. Citation: Having voluntarily taken command of his regiment in the absence of its commander, at great personal risk and with remarkable presence of mind and fertility of resource led the command down an exceedingly precipitous embankment to the Rappahannock River and by his gallantry, coolness, and good judgment in the face of the enemy saved the command from capture or destruction.
LTC Clark is buried in Oak Hill cemetery, Cedar Rapids, Iowa.

DAVIS, SAMUEL W.
Rank and organization: Ordinary Seaman, U.S. Navy. Born: 1845, Maine. Accredited to: Maine. G.O. No.: 45, 31 December 1864. Citation: On board the USS Brooklyn during successful attacks against Fort Morgan, rebel gunboats and the ram Tennessee in Mobile Bay, on 5 August 1864. Despite severe damage to his ship and the loss of several men on board as enemy fire raked her decks from stem to stern, Davis exercised extreme courage and vigilance while acting as a look-out for torpedoes and other obstructions throughout the furious battle which resulted in the surrender of the prize rebel ram Tennessee and in the damaging and destruction of batteries at Fort Morgan.

DUNCAN, ADAM
Rank and organization: Boatswain's Mate, U.S. Navy. Born: 1833, Maine. Accredited to: Maine. G.O. No.: 45, 31 December 1864. Citation: As captain of a gun on board the USS Richmond during action against rebel forts and gunboats and with the ram Tennessee in Mobile Bay, 5 August 1864. Despite damage to his ship and the loss of several men on board as enemy fire raked her decks, Duncan fought his gun with skill and courage throughout the prolonged battle which resulted in the surrender of the rebel ram Tennessee and in the successful attacks carried out on Fort Morgan.

DUNN, WILLIAM
Rank and organization: Quartermaster, USN. Born: Maine. Accredited to: Maine. G.O. No.:59, 22 Jun 1865. Citation: On board the USS Monadnock in action during several attacks on Fort Fisher, 24 and 25 Dec 1864; and 13, 14, and 15 Jan 1865. With his ship anchored well inshore to insure perfect range against the severe fire of rebel guns, Dunn continued his duties when the vessel was at anchor, as her propellers were kept in motion to make her turrets bear, and the shooting away of her chain might have caused her to ground. Disdainful of shelter despite severe weather conditions, he inspired his shipmates and contributed to the success of his vessel in reducing the enemy guns to silence.
Quartermaster Dunn is buried in West Bowdoin, Maine cemetery.

ESTES, LEWELLYN G.
Rank and organization: Captain and Assistant Adjutant General, Volunteers. Place and date: At Flint River, Ga., 30 August 1864. Entered service at: Penobscot, Maine. Born: Oldtown, Maine. Date of issue: 29 August 1894. Citation: Voluntarily led troops in a charge over a burning bridge.
BVT BG Estes is buried in Arlington National cemetery

FARLEY, WILLIAM
Rank and organization: Boatswain's Mate, USN. Born: 1835, Whitefield, Maine. Accredited to: Maine. G.O. No.:32, 16 Apr 1864. Citation: Served on board the USS Marblehead off Legareville, Stono River, 25 Dec 1863, during an engagement with the enemy on John's Island. Behaving in a gallant manner, Farley animated his men and kept up a rapid and effective fire on the enemy throughout the engagement which resulted in the enemy's abandonment of his positions, leaving a caisson and 1 gun behind.

FERNALD, ALBERT E.
Rank and organization: 1Lt, Co F, 20th Maine Inf. Action: At Five Forks, Va, 1 Apr 1865. Entered service at: Winterport, Maine. Born: Winterport, Maine Issued: 10 May 1865. Citation: During a rush at the enemy, Lt. Fernald seized, during a scuffle, the flag of the 9th Virginia Inf (CSA).
LT Fernald is buried in Oak Hill cemetery in Winterport, Maine.

FRISBEE, JOHN B.
Rank and organization: Gunner's Mate, USN. Born: 1822, [Phippsburg], Maine. Accredited to: Maine. G.O. No.:11, 3 Apr 1863. Citation: Served on board the US Steam Gunboat Pinola during action against Forts Jackson and St. Philip, and during the taking of New Orleans, 24 Apr 1862. While engaged in the bombardment of Fort St. Philip, Frisbee, acting courageously and without personal regard, closed the powder magazine which had been set afire by enemy shelling and shut off his avenue of escape, thereby setting a high example of bravery. He served courageously throughout these engagements which resulted in the taking of the Forts Jackson and St. Philip and in the surrender of New Orleans.
GM Frisbee is buried in Fairview cemetery in Winnegance, Maine.

HANSCOM, MOSES C.
Rank and organization: Cpl, Co F, 19th Maine Inf. Action: At Bristoe Station, Va, 14 Oct 1863. Entered service at: Bowdoinham, Maine. Born: Danville, Maine Issued: 1 Dec 1864. Citation: Capture of the flag of 26th North Carolina (CSA).
CPL Hanscom is buried in Oak Hill cemetery, Auburn, ME.

HASKELL, FRANK W.
Rank and organization: SgtMaj, 3d Maine Inf. Action: At Fair Oaks, Va, 1 Jun 1862. Entered service at: Waterville, Maine. Born: 1843, Benton, ME. Issued: 8 Dec 1898. Citation: Assumed command of a portion of the left wing of his regiment, all the company officers present having been killed or disabled, led it gallantly across a stream and contributed most effectively to the success of the action.
SGT MAJ Haskell is buried in Pine Grove cemetery, Waterville, Maine.

HAYNES, ASBURY F.
Rank and organization: Cpl, Co F, 17th Maine Inf. Action: At Sailors Creek, Va, 6 Apr 1865. Entered service at: Maine. Born: Edinburgh, Maine. Issued: 10 May 1865. Citation: Capture of flag.
SGT Haynes is buried at Lakeview cemetery, Seattle, Wash.

HESSELTINE, FRANCIS S.
Rank and organization: Col, 13th Maine Inf. Action: At Matagorda Bay, Tex, 29-30 Dec 1863. Entered service at: Maine. Born: 10 Dec 1833, Bangor, Maine. Issued: 2 March 1895. Citation: In command of a detachment of 100 men, conducted a reconnaissance for 2 days, baffling and beating back an attacking force of more than a thousand Confederate cavalry, and regained his transport without loss.
COL Hesseltine is buried in Wyoming cemetery in Melrose, Massachusetts

HYDE, THOMAS W.
Rank and organization: Major, 7th Maine Inf. Action: At Antietam, Md, 17 Sep 1862. Entered service at: Bath, Maine. Born: Italy. Issued: 8 Apr 1891. Citation: Led his regiment in an assault on a strong body of the enemy's infantry and kept up the fight until the greater part of his men had been killed or wounded, bringing the remainder safely out of the fight.
BVT BG Hyde is buried in Oak Grove cemetery, Bath, Maine.

KENDRICK, THOMAS
Rank and organization: Coxswain, USN. Born: 1839, Bath, Maine. Accredited to: Maine. G.O. No.:45, 31 Dec 1864. Citation: Served as coxswain on board the USS Oneida in the engagement at Mobile Bay, 5 August, 1864. Volunteering for the Mobile Bay action from Bienville, Kendrick displayed courageous devotion to duty, and his excellent conduct throughout the battle which resulted in the capture of the rebel ram Tennessee and in the damaging of Fort Morgan, attracted the attention of the commanding officer and those serving around him.

KING, HORATIO C.
Rank and organization: Major and Quartermaster, U.S. Volunteers. Place and date: Near Dinwiddie Courthouse, Va., 31 March 1865. Entered service at: Brooklyn, N.Y. Born: 22 December 1837, Portland, Maine. Date of issue: 23 September 1897. Citation: While serving as a volunteer aide, carried orders to the reserve brigade and participated with it in the charge which repulsed the enemy.
BVT COL King is buried in Green Wood cemetery, Brooklyn, NY.

KNOWLES, ABIATHER J.
Rank and organization: Pvt, Co D, 2d Maine Inf. Action: At Bull Run, Va, 21 Jul 1861, Born: 15 March 1830, LaGrange, Maine. Issued: 27 Dec 1894. Citation: Removed dead and wounded under heavy fire.
CPT Knowles is buried in Hill Crest cemetery in La Grange, Maine.

LITTLEFIELD, GEORGE H.
Rank and organization: Cpl, Co G, 1st Maine Veteran Inf. Action: At Fort Fisher, Va, 25 March 1865. Entered service at: Skowhegan, Maine. Born: Skowhegan, Maine. Date of issue: 22 June 1885. Citation: The color sergeant having been wounded, this soldier picked up the flag and bore it to the front, to the great encouragement of the charging column.
CPL Littlefield is buried in The Cotton cemetery in Richmond, Maine.

MACK, JOHN
Rank and organization: Seaman, USN. Born: 1843, [Brooksville], Maine. Accredited to: Maine. G.O. No.:59, 22 Jun 1865. Citation: As seaman on board the USS Hendrick Hudson, St. Marks, Fla, 5 and 6 March 1865, Mack served with the Army in charge of Navy howitzers during the attack on St. Marks and, throughout this fierce engagement, made remarkable efforts in assisting transport of the gun. His coolness and determination in courageously standing by his gun while under the fire of the enemy were a credit to the service to which he belonged.
Seaman Mack is buried in St. Mary's cemetery, Lynn, Mass.

MATTOCKS, CHARLES P.
Rank and organization: Major, 17th Maine Inf. Action: At Sailors Creek, Va, 6 Apr 1865. Entered service at: Portland, Maine. Born: 1840, Danville, Vt. Issued: 29 March 1899. Citation: Displayed extraordinary gallantry in leading a charge of his regiment which resulted in the capture of a large number of prisoners and a stand of colors.
MAJ Mattocks is buried in Evergreen cemetery in Portland, Maine.

McCULLOCK, ADAM
Rank and organization: Seaman, USN. Born: 1830, Maine. Accredited to: [Entered service Augusta,] Maine. G.O. No.:45, 31 Dec 1864. Citation: On board the USS Lackawanna during successful attacks against Fort Morgan, rebel gunboats and the ram Tennessee in Mobile Bay, on 5 Aug 1864. Wounded when an enemy shell struck, and ordered to go below, McCullock refused to leave his station and continued to perform his duties throughout the prolonged action which resulted in the capture of the prize ram Tennessee and in the damaging and destruction of Fort Morgan.

McLEOD, JAMES
Rank and organization: Captain of the Foretop, USN. Born: Scotland. Accredited to: Maine. G.O. No.:11, 3 Apr 1863. Citation: Captain of foretop, and a volunteer from the Colorado, McLeod served on board the USS Pensacola during the attack upon Forts Jackson and St. Philip and the taking of New Orleans, 24 and 25 Apr 1862. Acting as gun captain of the rifled howitzer aft which was much exposed, he served this piece with great ability and activity, although no officer superintended it.

MERRIAM, HENRY C.
Rank and organization: Lieutenant Colonel, 73d U.S. Colored Troops. Place and date: At Fort Blakely, Ala., 9 April 1865. Entered service at: Houlton, Maine. Born: Houlton, Maine. Date of issue: 28 June 1894. Citation: Volunteered to attack the enemy's works in advance of orders and, upon permission being given, made a most gallant assault.
MGEN Merriam is buried in Arlington National cemetery.

MERRILL, AUGUSTUS
Rank and organization: Captain, Co B, 1st Maine Veteran Inf. Action: At Petersburg, Va, 2 Apr 1865. Entered service at: Lyndon, Maine Born: Byron, Maine. Issued: 23 Oct 1891. Citation: With 6 men, captured 69 Confederate prisoners and recaptured several soldiers who had fallen into the enemy's hands.
CPT Merrill is buried in Graceland cemetery, Chicago, Ill.

MORRILL, WALTER G.
Rank and organization: Captain, Co B, 20th Maine Inf. Action: At Rappahannock Station, Va, 7 Nov 1863. Entered service at: Brownville, ME. Born: [Williamsburg], Maine. Date of issue: 5 April 1898. Citation: Learning that an assault was to be made upon the enemy's works by other troops, this officer voluntarily joined the storming party with about 50 men of his regiment, and by his dash and gallantry rendered effective service in the assault.
COL Morrill is buried in the village cemetery of Pittsfield, Maine.

POOLE, WILLIAM B.
Rank and organization: Quartermaster, USN. Born: 1833 [Cape Elizabeth,] Maine. Accredited to: Maine. G.O. No.:45, 31 Dec 1864. Citation: Service as quartermaster on board the USS Kearsarge when she destroyed the Alabama off Cherbourg, France, 19 Jun 1864. Stationed at the helm, Poole steered the ship during the engagement in a cool and most creditable manner and was highly commended by his divisional officer for his gallantry under fire.
QM Poole is buried in Pine Grove cemetery in Lynn, Massachusetts.

RICE, CHARLES
Rank and organization: Coal Heaver, USN. Born: 1840, Russia. Accredited to: [Entered service at Portland,] Maine. G.O. No.:45, 31 Dec 1864. Citation: On board the USS Agawam, as one of a volunteer crew of a powder boat which was exploded near Fort Fisher, 23 Dec 1864. The powder boat, towed in by the Wilderness to prevent detection by the enemy, cast off and slowly steamed to within 300 yards of the beach. After fuses and fires had been lit and a second anchor with short scope let go to assure the boat's tailing inshore, the crew again boarded the Wilderness and proceeded a distance of 12 miles from shore. Less than 2 hours later the explosion took place, and the following day, fires were observed still burning at the fort.

ROBERTS, OTIS O.
Rank and organization: Sgt, Co H, 6th Maine Inf. Action: At Rappanhannock Station, Va, 7 Nov 1863. Entered service at: Dexter, Maine. Born: Sangerville, Maine. Date of issue: 28 December 1863. Citation: Capture of flag of 8th Louisiana Infantry (C.S.A.) in a hand_to_hand struggle with the color bearer.
SGT Roberts is buried in Mount Pleasant cemetery in Dexter, Maine

SEWARD, RICHARD H.
Rank and organization: Paymaster's Steward, U.S. Navy. Place and date: Ship Island Sound, La., 23 November 1863. Entered service at Kittery. Born: 1840, Kittery, Maine. Date of issue: 16 April 1864. Citation: Served as paymaster's steward on board the USS Commodore, November 1863. Carrying out his duties courageously, Seward "volunteered to go on the field amidst a heavy fire to recover the bodies of 2 soldiers which he brought off with the aid of others; a second instance of personal valor within a fortnight.'' Promoted to acting master's mate.
Master's Mate Seward is buried in the cemetery of the First Christian Church of Kittery Point.

SMITH, CHARLES H.
Rank and organization: Col, 1st Maine Cav. Action: At St. Mary's Church, Va, 24 Jun 1864. Entered service at: [Eastport], Maine. Born: Hollis, Maine. Date of issue: 11 April 1895. Citation: Remained in the fight to the close, although severely wounded.

*SMITH, CHARLES H.
Rank and organization: Coxswain, USN. Born: 1826, Maine. Accredited to: [Entered service at Standish,] Maine. G.O. No.:59, 22 Jun 1865. Citation: On board the USS Rhode Island which was engaged in rescuing men from the stricken Monitor in Mobile Bay¹ (sic), on Dec 30, 1862. After the Monitor sprang a leak and went down, Smith courageously risked his life in a gallant attempt to rescue members of the crew. Although he, too, lost his life during the hazardous operation, he had made every effort possible to save the lives of his fellow men.

SMITH, JOSEPH S.
Rank and organization: LtCol and Commissary of Subsistence, 2d Army Corps. Action: At Hatchers Run, Va, 27 Oct 1864. Entered service at: Maine. Born: Wiscasset, Maine. Date of issue: 25 May 1892. Citation: Led a part of a brigade, saved 2 pieces of artillery, captured a flag, and secured a number of prisoners.
BVT BGEN Smith is buried in Arlington National cemetery

SPURLING, ANDREW B.
Rank and organization: LtCol, 2d Maine Cav. Action: At Evergreen, Ala, 23 March 1865. Entered service at: Maine. Born: Cranberry Isles, Maine. Issued: 10 Sep 1897. Citation: Advanced alone in the darkness beyond the picket line, came upon 3 of the enemy, fired upon them (his fire being returned), wounded 2, and captured the whole party.
BVT BGEN Spurling is buried in Rose Hill cemetery, Chicago, Ill.

TAYLOR, THOMAS
Rank and organization: Coxswain, USN. Born: 1834, Bangor, ME. Accredited to: Maine. G.O.#59, 22 Jun 1865. Citation: Served on board the USS Metacomet during the action against rebel forts and gunboats and with the rebel ram Tennessee in Mobile Bay, 5 Aug 1864. Despite damage to his ship and the loss of several men on board as enemy fire raked her decks, Taylor encouraged the men of the forward pivot gun when the officer in command displayed cowardice, doing honor to the occasion.

THAXTER, SIDNEY W.
Rank and organization: Major, 1st Maine Cav. Action: At Hatchers Run, Va, 27 Oct 1864. Entered service at: Bangor, Maine. Born: Bangor, Maine. Date of issue: 10 September 1897. Citation: Voluntarily remained and participated in the battle with conspicuous gallantry, although his term of service had expired and he had been ordered home to be mustered out.
MAJ Thaxter is buried in Evergreen cemetery in Portland, Maine.

TOBIE, EDWARD P.
Rank and organization: SgtMaj, 1st Maine Cav. Action: At Appomattox Campaign, Va, 29 March to 9 Apr 1865. Entered service at: Lewiston, Maine. Born: Lewiston, Maine Issued: 1 Apr 1898. Citation: Though severely wounded at Sailors Creek, 6 April, and at Farmville, 7 April, refused to go to the hospital, but remained with his regiment, performed the full duties of adjutant upon the wounding of that officer, and was present for duty at Appomattox.
2LT Tobie is buried in Swain Point cemetery in Providence, Rhode Island.

TOZIER, ANDREW J.
Rank and organization: Sgt, Co I, 20th Maine Inf. Action: At Gettysburg PA, 2 Jul 1863. Entered service at: [Bangor] Plymouth, Maine Born: Monmouth, Maine. Date of issue: 13 August 1898. Citation: At the crisis of the engagement this soldier, a color bearer, stood alone in an advanced position, the regiment having been borne back, and defended his colors with musket and ammunition picked up at his feet.
SGT Tozier is buried in the Litchfield Plains cemetery in Litchfield, Maine.

TRIPP, OTHNIEL
Rank and organization: Chief Boatswain's Mate, USN. Born: 1826, Maine. Accredited to: Maine. G.O. No.:59, 22 Jun 1865. Citation: On board the USS Seneca in the assault on Fort Fisher, 15 Jan 1865. Despite severe enemy fire which halted an attempt by his assaulting party to enter the stockade, Tripp boldly charged through the gap in the stockade although the center of the line, being totally unprotected, fell back along the open beach and left too few in the ranks to attempt an offensive operation.

VERNEY, JAMES W.
Rank and organization: Chief Quartermaster, USN. Born: 1834 Maine. Accredited to: Maine. G.O. No.:59, 22 Jun 1865. Citation. Served as chief quartermaster on board the USS Pontoosuc during the capture of Fort Fisher and Wilmington, 24 Dec 1864 to 22 Feb 1865. Carrying out his duties faithfully throughout this period, Verney was recommended for gallantry and skill and for his cool courage while under fire of the enemy throughout these various actions.
Chief Verney is buried in Cedar Grove cemetery in Dorchester, Massachusetts.

WHITTIER, EDWARD N.
Rank and organization: 1Lt, 5th Battery, Maine Light Artillery. Action: At Fishers Hill, Va, 22 Sep 1864. Entered service at: Gorham, ME. Born: Portland, Maine. Issued: 13 Jan 1892. Citation: While acting as assistant adjutant general, Artillery brigade, 6th Army Corps, went over the enemy's works, mounted, with the assaulting column, to gain quicker possession of the guns and to turn them upon the enemy.
CPT Whittier is buried in the Pierce Family Grave Yard in Baldwin, Maine.

WILLIAMS, ANTHONY
Rank and organization: Sailmaker's Mate, USN. Born: 1822, Plymouth, Mass. Accredited to: Maine. G.O. No.:59, 22 Jun 1865. Citation: Served as sailmaker's mate on board the USS Pontoosuc during the capture of Fort Fisher and Wilmington, 24 Dec 1864 to 22 Feb 1865. Carrying out his duties faithfully throughout this period, Williams was recommended for gallantry and skill and for his cool courage while under the fire of the enemy throughout these various actions.

WOOD, H. CLAY
Rank and organization: First Lieutenant, 11th U.S. Infantry. Place and date: At Wilsons Creek, Mo., 10 August 1861. Entered service at: Winthrop, Maine. Born: Winthrop, Maine. Date of issue: 28 October 1893. Citation: Distinguished gallantry.
BGEN Wood is buried in Arlington National cemetery

YOUNG, HORATIO N.
Rank and organization: Seaman, U.S. Navy. Born: 19 July 1845, Calais, Maine. G.O. No.: 32, 16 April 1864. Citation: On board the USS Lehigh, Charleston Harbor, 16 November 1863, during the hazardous task of freeing the Lehigh, which had grounded, and was under heavy enemy fire from Fort Moultrie. After several previous attempts had been made, Young succeeded in passing in a small boat from the Lehigh to the Nahant with a line bent on a hawser. This courageous action while under severe enemy fire enabled the Lehigh to be freed from her helpless position.
Seaman Young is buried in the Rural cemetery, St. Stephen, New Brusnwick, Canada.



Civil War

Born in Maine, but in the service of another state.

BOODY, ROBERT
Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company B, 40th New York Infantry. Place and date: At Williamsburg, Va., 5 May 1862. At Chancellorsville, Va., 2 May 1863. Entered service at: Amesbury, Mass. Born: Lemington, Maine. Date of issue: 8 July 1896. Citation: This soldier, at Williamsburg, Va., then a corporal, at great personal risk, voluntarily saved the lives of and brought from the battlefield 2 wounded comrades. A year later, at Chancellorsville, voluntarily, and at great personal risk, brought from the field of battle and saved the life of Capt. George B. Carse, Company C, 40th New York Volunteer Infantry.
2LT Boody is buried in Greenwood cemetery, Haverhill, Mass.

HANNA, MARCUS A.
Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company B, 50th Massachusetts Infantry. Place and date: At Port Hudson, La., 4 July 1863. Entered service at: Rockport, Mass. Born: 3 November 1842, Bristol, Maine. Date of issue: 2 November 1895. Citation: Voluntarily exposed himself to a heavy fire to get water for comrades in rifle pits.
SGT Hanna is buried in Mount Pleasant cemetery in Portland, Maine.

HARRINGTON, EPHRAIM W.
Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company G, 2d Vermont Infantry. Place and date: At Fredericksburg, Va., 3 May 1863. Entered service at: Kirby, Vt. Born: Waterford, Maine. Date of issue: 13 December 1893. Citation: Carried the colors to the top of the heights and almost to the muzzle of the enemy's guns.
MAJ Harrington is buried in Mountain Grove cemetery, Bridgeport, Conn.

HINCKS, WILLIAM B.
Rank and organization: Sergeant Major, 14th Connecticut Infantry. Place and date: At Gettysburg, Pa., 3 July 1863. Entered service at: Bridgeport, Conn. Birth: Bucksport, Me. Date of issue: 1 December 1864. Citation: During the highwater mark of Pickett's charge on 3 July 1863 the colors of the 14th Tenn. Inf. C.S.A. were planted 50 yards in front of the center of Sgt. Maj. Hincks' regiment. There were no Confederates standing near it but several were lying down around it. Upon a call for volunteers by Maj. Ellis, commanding, to capture this flag, this soldier and 2 others leaped the wall. One companion was instantly shot. Sgt. Maj. Hincks outran his remaining companion running straight and swift for the colors amid a storm of shot. Swinging his saber over the prostrate Confederates and uttering a terrific yell, he seized the flag and hastily returned to his lines. The 14th Tenn. carried 12 battle honors on its flag. The devotion to duty shown by Sgt. Maj. Hlncks gave encouragement to many of his comrades at a crucial moment of the battle.

HOWARD, OLIVER O.
Rank and organization: BGenl, US Volunteers. Action: At Fair Oaks, Va, 1 Jun 1862. Entered service at: Maine. Born: 8 Nov 1830, Leeds, Maine. Issued: 29 March 1893. Citation: Led the 61st New York Inf in a charge in which he was twice severely wounded in the right arm, necessitating amputation.
GEN Howard is buried in Lakeview Cemetery, Burlington, Vermont

LUNT, ALPHONSO M.
Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company F, 38th Massachusetts Infantry. Place and date: At Opequan Creek, Va., 19 September 1864. Entered service at: Cambridge, Mass. Born: Berwick, Maine. Date of issue: 10 May 1894. Citation: Carried his flag to the most advanced position where, left almost alone close to the enemy's lines he refused their demand to surrender, withdrew at great personal peril, and saved his flag.
SGT Lunt is buried in Cambridge cemetery, Cambridge, Mass.

MILLIKEN, DANIEL
Rank and organization: Quarter Gunner, USN. Born: 1838 Maine. Accredited to: New York. G.O. No.:59, 22 Jun 1865. Citation Milliken served on board the USS New Ironsides during action in several attacks on Fort Fisher, 24 and 25 Dec 1864- and 13,14 and 15 Jan 1865. The ship steamed in and took the lead in the Ironclad division close inshore and immediately opened its starboard battery in a barrage of well directed fire to cause several fires and explosions and dismount several guns during the first 2 days of fighting. Taken under fire as she steamed into position on 13 Jan, the New Ironsides fought all day and took on ammunition at night despite severe weather conditions. When the enemy came out of his bombproofs to defend the fort against the storming party, the ship's battery disabled nearly every gun on the fort facing the shore before the cease-fire orders were given by the flagship.

O'BRIEN, HENRY D.
Rank and organization: Cpl, Co E, 1st Minnesota Inf. Action: At Gettysburg PA, 3 Jul 1863. Entered service at: St. Anthony Falls, Minn. Born: Maine. Issued: 9 Apr 1890. Citation: Taking up the colors where they had fallen, he rushed ahead of his regiment, close to the muzzles of the enemy's guns, and engaged in the desperate struggle in which the enemy was defeated, and though severely wounded, he held the colors until wounded a second time.
MAJ O'Brien is buried in Bellefontaine cemetery, St. Louis, MO.

PIKE, EDWARD M.
Rank and organization: First Sergeant, Company A, 33d Illinois Infantry. Place and date: At Cache River, Ark., 7 July 1862. Entered service at: Bloomington, Ill. Born: Casco, Maine. Date of issue: 29 March 1899. Citation: While the troops were falling back before a superior force, this soldier, assisted by one companion, and while under severe fire at close range, saved a cannon from capture by the enemy.
SGT Pike is buried in Payne cemetery, Chenoa, Ill.

REED, AXEL H.
Rank and organization: Sgt, Co K, 2d Minnesota Inf. Action: At Chickamauga, Ga, 19 Sep 1863; At Missionary Ridge, Tenn, 25 Nov 1863. Entered service at: Glencoe, Minn. Born: Maine. Issued: 2 Apr 1898. Citation: While in arrest at Chickamauga, Ga, left his place in the rear and voluntarily went to the line of battle, secured a rifle, and fought gallantly during the 2-day battle; was released from arrest in recognition of his bravery. At Missionary Ridge commanded his company and gallantly led it, being among the first to enter the enemy's works; was severely wounded, losing an arm, but declined a discharge and remained in active service to the end of the war.
CPT Reed is buried in Mount Auburn cemetery, Glencoe, Minn.

RICHMOND, JAMES
Rank and organization: Pvt, Co F, 8th Ohio Inf. Action: At Gettysburg PA, 3 Jul 1863. Entered service at: Toledo Ohio. Born: Maine. Issued: 1 Dec 1864. Citation: Capture of flag.
PVT Richmond is buried in Arlington National cemetery.

SAVAGE, AUZELLA
Rank and organization: Ordinary Seaman, U.S. Navy. Born: 1846, [Anson], Maine. Accredited to: Massachusetts. G.O. No.: 59, 22 June 1865. Citation: On board the USS Santiago de Cuba in the assault on Fort Fisher, 15 January 1865. When the landing party to which he was attached charged on the fort with a cheer, and the determination to plant the colors on the ramparts, Savage remained steadfast when more than two-thirds of the marines and sailors fell back in panic during the fight. When enemy fire shot away the flagstaff above his hand, he bravely seized the remainder of the staff and brought his colors safely off.
Seaman Savage was lost at sea, 1882.

TALBOTT, WILLIAM
Rank and organization: Captain of the Forecastle, U.S. Navy. Born: 1812, Maine. Accredited to: Massachusetts. G.O. No.: 32, 16 April 1865. Citation: Served as captain of the forecastle on board the U.S.S. Louisville at the capture of the Arkansas post, 10 and 11 January 1863. Carrying out his duties as captain of a 9_inch gun, Talbott was conspicuous for ability and bravery throughout this engagement with the enemy.
CoF Talbott is buried in Maple Grove cemetery, Bath, Maine

TERRY, JOHN D.
Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company E, 23d Massachusetts Infantry. Place and date: At New Bern, N.C., 14 March 1862. Entered service at: Boston, Mass. Born: Montville, Maine. Date of issue: 12 October 1867. Citation: In the thickest of the fight, where he lost his leg by a shot, still encouraged the men until carried off the field.
MAJ Terry is buried in Woodlawn cemetery, Bronx, NY

TRACY, AMASA A.
Rank and organization: LtCol, 2d Vermont Inf. Action: At Cedar Creek, Va, 19 Oct 1864. Entered service at: Middlebury, Vt. Born: [Dover], Maine. Issued: 24 Jun 1892. Citation: Took command of and led the brigade in the assault on the enemy's works.
BVT COL Tracy is buried in West cemetery, Middlebury, VT.

WHITMAN, FRANK M.
Rank and organization: Private, Company G, 35th Massachusetts Infantry. Place and date: At Antietam, Md., 17 September 1862. At Spotsylvania, Va., 18 May 1864. Entered service at: Ayersville, Mass. Born: Woodstock, Maine. Date of issue: 21 February 1874. Citation: Was among the last to leave the field at Antietam and was instrumental in saving the lives of several of his comrades at the imminent risk of his own. At Spotsylvania was foremost in line in the assault, where he lost a leg.
SGT Whitman is buried in Riverview cemetery, Groveland, Mass.



Civil War

Not Born in Maine, but entered service in Maine or in the service of a Maine regiment.

BLAIR, ROBERT M.
Rank and organization: Boatswain's Mate, U.S. Navy. Born: 1836, Peacham, Vt. Accredited to: Vermont. G.O. No.: 59, 22 June 1865. Citation: Served on board the U.S.S. Pontoosuc during the capture of Fort Fisher and Wilmington, 24 December 1864 to 22 January 1865. Carrying out his duties faithfully throughout this period, Blair was recommended for gallantry and skill and for his cool courage while under the fire of the enemy throughout these actions.
Boatswain's Mate Blair entered service at Portland, Maine and is buried in Enid cemetery, Enid, Okla.

CHAPMAN, JOHN [real name Charles F. Kaufman]
Rank and organization: Private, Company B, 1st Maine Heavy Artillery. Place and date: At Sailors Creek, Va., 6 April 1865. Entered service at: [Limerick, Maine]. Born: [Strasburg, France]. Date of issue: 10 May 1865. Citation: Capture of flag.
PVT Chapman is buried in Holy Cross cemetery, Colna, CA.

Canadian Civil War MOH Recipients


WHEELER, HENRY W.
Rank and organization: Pvt, Co A, 2d Maine Inf. Action: At Bull Run, Va, 21 Jul 1861. Entered service at: Bangor, ME. Born: 1842, Fort Smith, Ark. Issued: 5 Apr 1898. Citation: Voluntarily accompanied his commanding officer and assisted in removing the dead and wounded from the field under a heavy fire of artillery and musketry.
BVT CPT Wheeler is buried in Arlington National cemetery


Civil War Service, MoH accredited to another state, but buried in Maine

LELAND, GEORGE W.
Rank and organization: Gunner's Mate, U.S. Navy. Born: 1834, Savannah, Ga. Accredited to: Georgia. G.O. No.: 32, 16 April 1864. Citation: Serving on board the U.S.S. Lehigh, Charleston Harbor, 16 November 1863, during the hazardous task, of freeing the Lehigh, which had grounded, and was under heavy enemy fire from Fort Moultrie. Rowing the small boat which was used in the hazardous task of transferring hawsers from the Lehigh to the Nahant, Leland twice succeeded in making the trip, only to find that each had been in vain when the hawsers were cut by enemy fire and chaffing.

Gunner's Mate Leland is buried in Riverside Cemetary, Lewiston, ME.

Indian Wars

BAILEY, JAMES E.
Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company E, 5th U.S. Cavalry. Place and date: Winter of 1872-73. Entered service at: [Boston, Mass.]. Born: Dexter, Maine. Date of issue: 12 April 1875. Citation: Gallant conduct during campaigns and engagements with Apaches.

BOWMAN, ALONZO
Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company D, 6th U.S. Cavalry. Place and date: At Cibicu Creek, Ariz., 30 August 1881. Entered service at: Washington Township, Knox County, Maine. Born: 15 June 1848, Washington Township, Knox County, Maine. Date of issue: 4 November 1882. Citation: Conspicuous and extraordinary bravery in attacking mutinous scouts.
SGT Bowman is buried in Fort Bayard National cemetery, Fort Bayard, NM.

BRETT, LLOYD M.
Rank and organization: Second Lieutenant, 2d U.S. Cavalry. Place and date: At O'Fallons Creek, Mont., 1 April 1880. Entered service at: Malden, Mass. Born: 22 February 1856, Dead River, Maine. Date of issue: 7 February 1895. Citation: Fearless exposure and dashing bravery in cutting off the Indians' pony herd, thereby greatly crippling the hostiles.
BGEN Brett is buried in Arlington National cemetery.

CARTER, ROBERT G.
Rank and organization: Second Lieutenant, 4th U.S. Cavalry. Place and date: On Brazos, River, Tex., 10 October 1871. Entered service at: Bradford, Mass. Born: Bridgeport, Maine. Date of issue: 27 February 1900. Citation: Held the left of the line with a few men during the charge of a large body of Indians, after the right of the line had retreated, and by delivering a rapid fire succeeded in checking the enemy until other troops came to the rescue.
BVT CPT Carter is buried in Arlington National cemetery.

HYDE, HENRY J.
Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company M, 1st U .S. Cavalry. Place and date: Winter of 1872-73. Entered service at: Princeton, [Ill.]. Born: Bangor, Maine. Date of issue: 12 August 1875. Citation: Gallant conduct during campaigns and engagements with Apaches.
SGT Hyde is buried in Marion National cemetery, Marion, Ind.

McMASTERS, HENRY A.
Rank and organization: Corporal, Company A, 4th U.S. Cavalry. Place and date: At Red River, Tex., 29 September 1872. Entered service at: [Augusta, Maine]. Born: Augusta, Maine. Date of issue: 19 November 1872. Citation: Gallantry in action.
CRP McMasters is buried in San Antonio National cemetery, San Antonio, TX.

SMITH, WILLIAM
Rank and organization: Private, Company G, 8th U.S. Cavalry. Place and date: At Chiricahua Mountains, Ariz., 20 October 1869. Entered service at San Francisco, CA. Birth. Bath, Maine. Date of issue: 14 February 1870. Citation: Gallantry in action.

TAYLOR, WILBUR N.
Rank and organization: Corporal, Company K, 8th U.S. Cavalry. Place and date: Arizona, 1868 and 1869. Entered service at: [Boston, Mass.]. Born: Hamden, Maine. Date of issue: 6 September 1869. Citation: Bravery in actions with Indians.
SGT Taylor is buried in Lakewood cemetery, Minneapolis, Minn.

Not born or entered service in Maine, but buried in Maine

CRAIG, SAMUEL H.
Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company D, 4th U.S. Cavalry. Place and date: At Santa Cruz Mountains, Mex., 15 May 1886. Entered service at: ------. Birth: New Market, N.H. Date of issue: 27 April 1887. Citation: Conspicuous gallantry during an attack on a hostile Apache Indian Camp; seriously wounded.
SGT Taylor is buired in Laurel Hill Cemetrary, Saco, ME


Interim Awards 1866 - 1870

ROBINSON, JOHN
Rank and organization: Captain of the Hold, U.S. Navy. Born: 1840, Cuba. Accredited to: Maine. G.O. No.: 82, 23 February 1867. Citation: With Acting Ensign James H. Bunting, during the heavy gale which occurred in Pensacola Bay on the night of 19 January 1867, Robinson swam ashore with a line for the purpose of sending off a blowcock, which would facilitate getting up steam and prevent the vessel from stranding, thus voluntarily periling his life to save the vessel and the lives of others.


1871 Korea

HAYDEN, CYRUS
Rank and organization: Carpenter, U.S. Navy. Born: 1843, York, Maine Accredited to: Maine. G.O. No.: 169, 8 February 1872. Citation: On board the USS Colorado during the attack and capture of the Korean forts, 11 June 1871. Serving as color bearer of the battalion, Hayden planted his flag on the ramparts of the citadel and protected it under a heavy fire from the enemy.


Interim 1871 - 1898

GIDDING, CHARLES
Rank and organization: Seaman, U.S. Navy. Born: 1853, Bangor, Maine. Accredited to: Maine. G.O. No.: 215, 9 August 1876. Citation: Serving on board the USS Plymouth, Gidding showed heroic conduct in trying to save the life of one of the crew of that ship, who had fallen overboard from aloft at the Navy Yard, New York, 26 July 1876.


Navy Spanish-American War Battle Streamer

War with Spain

Spanish-American War Veterans Memorial

DOHERTY, THOMAS M.
Rank and organization: Corporal, Company H, 21st U.S. Infantry. Place and date: At Santiago, Cuba, 1 July 1898. Entered service at: Newcastle, Maine. Born: Ireland. Date of issue: 22 June 1899. Citation: Gallantly assisted in the rescue of the wounded from in front of the lines and while under heavy fire from the enemy.
Drum Major Doherty is buried in Evergreen cemetery, Southgate, KY.

FOSS, HERBERT LOUIS
Rank and organization: Seaman, U.S. Navy. Born: 12 October 1871, Belfast, Maine. Accredited to: Maine. G.O. No.: 521, 7 July 1899. Citation: On board the USS Marblehead during the operation of cutting the cable leading from Cienfuegos, Cuba, 11 May 1898. Facing the heavy fire of the enemy, Foss set an example of extraordinary bravery and coolness throughout this action.
Seaman Foss is buried in Fort Hill cemetery in Hingham, Massachusetts.


Navy Philippine Insurrection Battle Streamer

Philippine Insurrection

CONDON, CLARENCE M.
Rank and organization: Sergeant, Battery G, 3d U.S. Artillery. Place and date: Near Calulut, Luzon, Philippine Islands, 5 November 1899. Entered service at: [St. Augustine, FL]. Born: South Brooksville, Maine. Date of issue: 11 March 1902. Citation: While in command of a detachment of 4 men, charged and routed 40 entrenched insurgents, inflicting on them heavy loss.
LTC Condon is buried in Arlington National cemetery.

China Relief Expedition

Buried in the State of Maine

SCANNELL, DAVID JOHN
Rank and organization: Private, U.S. Marine Corps. Born: 30 March 1875, Boston, Mass. Accredited to: Massachusetts. G.O. No.: 55, 19 July 1901. Citation: In the presence of the enemy during the action at Peking, China, 21 July to 17 August 1900. Throughout this period, Scannell distinguished himself by meritorious conduct.
PVT Scannell is buried in the Togus National Cemetery, Togus, Maine

World War I

Buried in the State of Maine

McMURTRY, GEORGE G.
Rank and organization: Captain, U.S. Army, 308th Infantry, 77th Division. Place and date: At Charlevaux, in the forest of Argonne, France, 2-8 October 1918. Entered service at: New York, N.Y. Born: 6 November 1876, Pittsburgh, Pa. G.O. No.: 118, W.D., 1918. Citation: Commanded a battalion which was cut off and surrounded by the enemy and although wounded in the knee by shrapnel on 4 October and suffering great pain, he continued throughout the entire period to encourage his officers and men with a resistless optimism that contributed largely toward preventing panic and disorder among the troops, who were without food, cut off from communication with our lines. On 4 October during a heavy barrage, he personally directed and supervised the moving of the wounded to shelter before himself seeking shelter. On 6 October he was again wounded in the shoulder by a German grenade, but continued personally to organize and direct the defense against the German attack on the position until the attack was defeated. He continued to direct and command his troops, refusing relief, and personally led his men out of the position after assistance arrived before permitting himself to be taken to the hospital on 8 October. During this period the successful defense of the position was due largely to his efforts.


CAPT McMurtry is buried in Ledge Lawn Cemetery, Bar Harbor, Maine.


Navy WWII ETO Battle Streamer Navy WWII PTO Battle Streamer

World War II

World War Two Memorial

DAHLGREN, EDWARD C.
Rank and organization: Second Lieutenant (then Sergeant), U.S. Army, Company E, 142d Infantry, 36th Infantry Division. Place and date: Oberhoffen, France, 11 February 1945. Entered service at: [Caribou], Maine. Born: Perham, Maine. G.O. No.: 77, 10 September 1945. Citation: He led the 3d Platoon to the rescue of a similar unit which had been surrounded in an enemy counterattack at Oberhoffen, France. As he advanced along a street, he observed several Germans crossing a field about 100 yards away. Running into a barn, he took up a position in a window and swept the hostile troops with submachine gun fire, killing 6, wounding others, and completely disorganizing the group. His platoon then moved forward through intermittent sniper fire and made contact with the besieged Americans. When the 2 platoons had been reorganized, Sgt. Dahlgren continued to advance along the street until he drew fire from an enemy-held house. In the face of machine pistol and rifle fire, he ran toward the building, hurled a grenade through the door, and blasted his way inside with his gun. This aggressive attack so rattled the Germans that all 8 men who held the strongpoint immediately surrendered. As Sgt. Dahlgren started toward the next house, hostile machinegun fire drove him to cover. He secured rifle grenades, stepped to an exposed position, and calmly launched his missiles from a difficult angle until he had destroyed the machinegun and killed its 2 operators. He moved to the rear of the house and suddenly came under the fire of a machinegun emplaced in a barn. Throwing a grenade into the structure, he rushed the position, firing his weapon as he ran; within, he overwhelmed 5 Germans. After reorganizing his unit he advanced to clear hostile riflemen from the building where he had destroyed the machinegun. He entered the house by a window and trapped the Germans in the cellar, where he tossed grenades into their midst, wounding several and forcing 10 more to surrender. While reconnoitering another street with a comrade, he heard German voices in a house. An attack with rifle grenades drove the hostile troops to the cellar. Sgt. Dahlgren entered the building, kicked open the cellar door, and, firing several bursts down the stairway, called for the trapped enemy to surrender. Sixteen soldiers filed out with their hands in the air. The bold leadership and magnificent courage displayed by Sgt. Dahlgren in his heroic attacks were in a large measure responsible for repulsing an enemy counterattack and saving an American platoon from great danger.

*FOURNIER, WILLIAM G.
Rank and organization: Sergeant, U.S. Army, Company M, 35th Infantry, 25th Infantry Division. Place and date: Mount Austen, Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands, 10 January 1943. Entered service at: Winterport, Maine. Born: Norwich, Conn. G.O. No.: 28, 5 June 1943. Citation: For gallantry and intrepidity above and beyond the call of duty. As leader of a machinegun section charged with the protection of other battalion units, his group was attacked by a superior number of Japanese, his gunner killed, his assistant gunner wounded, and an adjoining guncrew put out of action. Ordered to withdraw from this hazardous position, Sgt. Fournier refused to retire but rushed forward to the idle gun and, with the aid of another soldier who joined him, held up the machinegun by the tripod to increase its field action. They opened fire and inflicted heavy casualties upon the enemy. While so engaged both these gallant soldiers were killed, but their sturdy defensive was a decisive factor in the following success of the attacking battalion.
SGT Fournier is buried at National Memorial cemetery of the Pacific, Honolulu, HI

SCHONLAND, HERBERT EMERY
Rank and organization: Commander, U.S. Navy, USS San Francisco Place and date: Savo Island, 12-13 November 1943. Entered service at. Maine. Born: 7 September 1900, Portland, Maine. Citation: For extreme heroism and courage above and beyond the call of duty as damage control officer of the USS San Francisco in action against greatly superior enemy forces in the battle off Savo Island, 12-13 November 1942. In the same violent night engagement in which all of his superior officers were killed or wounded, Lt. Comdr. Schonland was fighting valiantly to free the San Francisco of large quantities of water flooding the second deck compartments through numerous shell holes caused by enemy fire. Upon being informed that he was commanding officer, he ascertained that the conning of the ship was being efficiently handled, then directed the officer who had taken over that task to continue while he himself resumed the vitally important work of maintaining the stability of the ship. In water waist deep, he carried on his efforts in darkness illuminated only by hand lanterns until water in flooded compartments had been drained or pumped off and watertight integrity had again been restored to the San Francisco. His great personal valor and gallant devotion to duty at great peril to his own life were instrumental in bringing his ship back to port under her own power, saved to fight again in the service of her country.
RADM Schonland is buried in Arlington National cemetery

*WAUGH, ROBERT T.
Rank and organization: First Lieutenant, U.S. Army, 339th Infantry, 85th Infantry Division. Place and date: Near Tremensucli, Italy, 11-14 May 1944. Entered service at: Augusta, Maine. Born: Ashton, R.I. G.O. No.: 79, 4 October 1944. Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at risk of life above and beyond the call of duty in action with the enemy. In the course of an attack upon an enemy-held hill on 11 May, 1st Lt. Waugh personally reconnoitered a heavily mined area before entering it with his platoon. Directing his men to deliver fire on 6 bunkers guarding this hill, 1st Lt. Waugh advanced alone against them, reached the first bunker, threw phosphorus grenades into it and as the defenders emerged, killed them with a burst from his tommygun. He repeated this process on the 5 remaining bunkers, killing or capturing the occupants. On the morning of 14 May, 1st Lt. Waugh ordered his platoon to lay a base of fire on 2 enemy pillboxes located on a knoll which commanded the only trail up the hill. He then ran to the first pillbox, threw several grenades into it, drove the defenders into the open, and killed them. The second pillbox was next taken by this intrepid officer by similar methods. The fearless actions of 1st Lt. Waugh broke the Gustav Line at that point, neutralizing 6 bunkers and 2 pillboxes and he was personally responsible for the death of 30 of the enemy and the capture of 25 others. He was later killed in action in Itri, Italy, while leading his platoon in an attack.
SGT Waugh is buried in ABMC Sicily-Rome cemetery, Nettuno, Italy

ZEAMER, JAY JR.
Rank and organization: Major, U.S. Army Air Corps. Place and date: Over Buka area, Solomon Islands, 16 June 1943. Entered service at: Machias, Maine. Born: Carlisle, Pa. G.O. No.: 1, 4 January 1944. Citation: On 16 June 1943, Maj. Zeamer (then Capt.) volunteered as pilot of a bomber on an important photographic mapping mission covering the formidably defended area in the vicinity of Buka, Solomon Islands. While photographing the Buka airdrome. his crew observed about 20 enemy fighters on the field, many of them taking off. Despite the certainty of a dangerous attack by this strong force, Maj. Zeamer proceeded with his mapping run, even after the enemy attack began. In the ensuing engagement, Maj. Zeamer sustained gunshot wounds in both arms and legs, 1 leg being broken. Despite his injuries, he maneuvered the damaged plane so skillfully that his gunners were able to fight off the enemy during a running fight which lasted 40 minutes. The crew destroyed at least 5 hostile planes, of which Maj. Zeamer himself shot down 1. Although weak from loss of blood, he refused medical aid until the enemy had broken combat. He then turned over the controls, but continued to exercise command despite lapses into unconsciousness, and directed the flight to a base 580 miles away. In this voluntary action, Maj. Zeamer, with superb skill, resolution, and courage, accomplished a mission of great value.


Navy Korean War Battle Streamer

Korean War

Maine Korean War Memorial
Korean War Project

*CHAMPAGNE, DAVID B.
Rank and organization: Corporal, U.S. Marine Corps, Company A 1st Battalion, 7th Marines, 1st Marine Division (Rein.). Place and date. Korea, 28 May 1952. Entered service at: Wakefield R.I. Born: 11 November 1932, Waterville, Me. Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty while serving as a fire team leader of Company A, in action against enemy aggressor forces. Advancing with his platoon in the initial assault of the company against a strongly fortified and heavily defended hill position, Cpl. Champagne skillfully led his fire team through a veritable hail of intense enemy machinegun, small-arms, and grenade fire, overrunning trenches and a series of almost impregnable bunker positions before reaching the crest of the hill and placing his men in defensive positions. Suffering a painful leg wound while assisting in repelling the ensuing hostile counterattack, which was launched under cover of a murderous hail of mortar and artillery fire, he steadfastly refused evacuation and fearlessly continued to control his fire team When the enemy counterattack increased in intensity, and a hostile grenade landed in the midst of the fire team, Cpl. Champagne unhesitatingly seized the deadly missile and hurled it in the direction of the approaching enemy. As the grenade left his hand, it exploded blowing off his hand and throwing him out of the trench. Mortally wounded by enemy mortar fire while in this exposed position, Cpl. Champagne, by his valiant leadership, fortitude, and gallant spirit of self-sacrifice in the face of almost certain death, undoubtedly saved the lives of several of his fellow marines. His heroic actions served to inspire all who observed him and reflect the highest credit upon himself and the U.S. Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
CPL Champagne is buried in St. Francis de Sales cemetery, Waterville, Me.

*GOODBLOOD, CLAIR
Rank and organization: Corporal, U.S. Army, Company D, 7th Infantry Regiment. Place and date: Near Popsu-dong, Korea, 24 and 25 April 1951. Entered service at: Burnham, Maine. Born: 18 September 1929, Fort Kent, Maine. G.O. No.: 14, 1 February 1952. Citation: Cpl. Goodblood, a member of Company D, distinguished himself by conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty in action against an armed enemy of the United Nations. Cpl. Goodblood, a machine gunner, was attached to Company B in defensive positions on thickly wooded key terrain under attack by a ruthless foe. In bitter fighting which ensued, the numerically superior enemy infiltrated the perimeter, rendering the friendly positions untenable. Upon order to move back, Cpl. Goodblood voluntarily remained to cover the withdrawal and, constantly vulnerable to heavy fire, inflicted withering destruction on the assaulting force. Seeing a grenade lobbed at his position, he shoved his assistant to the ground and flinging himself upon the soldier attempted to shield him. Despite his valorous act both men were wounded. Rejecting aid for himself, he ordered the ammunition bearer to evacuate the injured man for medical treatment. He fearlessly maintained his l-man defense, sweeping the onrushing assailants with fire until an enemy banzai charge carried the hill and silenced his gun. When friendly elements regained the commanding ground, Cpl. Goodblood's body was found lying beside his gun and approximately 100 hostile dead lay in the wake of his field of fire. Through his unflinching courage and willing self-sacrifice the onslaught was retarded, enabling his unit to withdraw, regroup, and resecure the strongpoint. Cpl. Goodblood's inspirational conduct and devotion to duty reflect lasting glory on himself and are in keeping with the noble traditions of the military service.
CPL Goodblood is buried in Chandler cemetery in Burnham, Maine.
Corporal Clair Goodblood Medal of Honor Memorial

*LIBBY, GEORGE D.
Rank and organization: Sergeant, U.S. Army, Company C, 3d Engineer Combat Battalion, 24th Infantry Division. Place and date: Near Taejon, Korea, 20 July 1950. Entered service at: Waterbury, Conn. Born: Bridgton, Maine. G.O. No.: 62, 2 August 1951. Citation: Sgt. Libby distinguished himself by conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity above and beyond the call of duty in action. While breaking through an enemy encirclement, the vehicle in which he was riding approached an enemy roadblock and encountered devastating fire which disabled the truck, killing or wounding all the passengers except Sgt. Libby. Taking cover in a ditch Sgt. Libby engaged the enemy and despite the heavy fire crossed the road twice to administer aid to his wounded comrades. He then hailed a passing M-5 artillery tractor and helped the wounded aboard. The enemy directed intense small-arms fire at the driver, and Sgt. Libby, realizing that no one else could operate the vehicle, placed himself between the driver and the enemy thereby shielding him while he returned the fire. During this action he received several wounds in the arms and body. Continuing through the town the tractor made frequent stops and Sgt. Libby helped more wounded aboard. Refusing first aid, he continued to shield the driver and return the fire of the enemy when another roadblock was encountered. Sgt. Libby received additional wounds but held his position until he lost consciousness. Sgt. Libby's sustained, heroic actions enabled his comrades to reach friendly lines. His dauntless courage and gallant self-sacrifice reflect the highest credit upon himself and uphold the esteemed traditions of the U.S. Army.
SGT Libby is buried in Arlington National cemetery.

*LORING, CHARLES J., JR.
Rank and organization: Major, U.S. Air Force, 80th Fighter-Bomber Squadron, 8th Fighter-Bomber Wing. Place and date: Near Sniper Ridge, North Korea, 22 November 1952. Entered service at: Portland, Maine. Born: 2 October 1918, Portland, Maine. Citation: Maj. Loring distinguished himself by conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty. While leading a night of 4 F-80 type aircraft on a close support mission, Maj. Loring was briefed by a controller to dive-bomb enemy gun positions which were harassing friendly ground troops. After verifying the location of the target, Maj. Loring rolled into his dive bomb run. Throughout the run, extremely accurate ground fire was directed on his aircraft. Disregarding the accuracy and intensity of the ground fire, Maj. Loring aggressively continued to press the attack until his aircraft was hit. At approximately 4,000 feet, he deliberately altered his course and aimed his diving aircraft at active gun emplacements concentrated on a ridge northwest of the briefed target, turned his aircraft 45 degrees to the left, pulled up in a deliberate, controlled maneuver, and elected to sacrifice his life by diving his aircraft directly into the midst of the enemy emplacements. His selfless and heroic action completely destroyed the enemy gun emplacement and eliminated a dangerous threat to United Nations ground forces. Maj. Loring's noble spirit, superlative courage, and conspicuous self-sacrifice in inflicting maximum damage on the enemy exemplified valor of the highest degree and his actions were in keeping with the finest traditions of the U.S. Air Force.
MAJ Loring is honored at the National Memorial of the Pacific, Wall of the Missing, Honolulu, HI.

MILLETT, LEWIS L.
Rank and organization: Captain, U.S. Army, Company E, 27th Infantry Regiment. Place and date: Vicinity of Soam-Ni, Korea, 7 February 1951. Entered service at: Mechanic Falls, Maine. Born: 15 December 1920, Mechanic Falls, Maine. G.O. No.: 69, 2 August 1951. Citation: Capt. Millett, Company E, distinguished himself by conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity above and beyond the call of duty in action. While personally leading his company in an attack against a strongly held position he noted that the 1st Platoon was pinned down by small-arms, automatic, and antitank fire. Capt. Millett ordered the 3d Platoon forward, placed himself at the head of the 2 platoons, and, with fixed bayonet, led the assault up the fire-swept hill. In the fierce charge Capt. Millett bayoneted 2 enemy soldiers and boldly continued on, throwing grenades, clubbing and bayoneting the enemy, while urging his men forward by shouting encouragement. Despite vicious opposing fire, the whirlwind hand-to-hand assault carried to the crest of the hill. His dauntless leadership and personal courage so inspired his men that they stormed into the hostile position and used their bayonets with such lethal effect that the enemy fled in wild disorder. During this fierce onslaught Capt. Millett was wounded by grenade fragments but refused evacuation until the objective was taken and firmly secured. The superb leadership, conspicuous courage, and consummate devotion to duty demonstrated by Capt. Millett were directly responsible for the successful accomplishment of a hazardous mission and reflect the highest credit on himself and the heroic traditions of the military service.


Navy Vietnam War Battle Streamer

Vietnam

The Vietnam Veterans Wall Home Page

*BUKER, BRIAN L.
Rank and organization: Sergeant, U.S. Army, Detachment B-55, 5th Special Forces Group, 1st Special Forces. Place and date: Chau Doc Province, Republic of Vietnam, 5 April 1970. Entered service at: Bangor, Maine. Born: 3 November 1949, Benton, Maine. Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity in action at the risk of life above and beyond the call of duty. Sgt. Buker, Detachment B-55, distinguished himself while serving as a platoon adviser of a Vietnamese mobile strike force company during an offensive mission. Sgt. Buker personally led the platoon, cleared a strategically located well-guarded pass, and established the first foothold at the top of what had been an impenetrable mountain fortress. When the platoon came under the intense fire from a determined enemy located in 2 heavily fortified bunkers, and realizing that withdrawal would result in heavy casualties, Sgt. Buker unhesitatingly, and with complete disregard for his personal safety, charged through the hail of enemy fire and destroyed the first bunker with hand grenades. While reorganizing his men for the attack on the second bunker, Sgt. Buker was seriously wounded. Despite his wounds and the deadly enemy fire, he crawled forward and destroyed the second bunker. Sgt. Buker refused medical attention and was reorganizing his men to continue the attack when he was mortally wounded. As a direct result of his heroic actions, many casualties were averted, and the assault of the enemy position was successful. Sgt. Buker's extraordinary heroism at the cost of his life are in the highest traditions of the military service and reflect great credit on him, his unit, and the U.S. Army.
SGT Buker is buried in Brown cemetery in Benton, Maine.

*McMAHON, THOMAS J.
Rank and organization: Specialist Fourth Class, U.S. Army, Company A, 2d Battalion, 1st Infantry, 196th Infantry Brigade, Americal Division. Place and date: Quang Tin province, Republic of Vietnam, 19 March 1969. Entered service at: Portland, Maine. Born: 24 June 1948, Washington, D.C. Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity in action at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty. Sp4c. McMahon distinguished himself while serving as medical aid man with Company A. When the lead elements of his company came under heavy fire from well-fortified enemy positions, 3 soldiers fell seriously wounded. Sp4c. McMahon, with complete disregard for his safety, left his covered position and ran through intense enemy fire to the side of 1 of the wounded, administered first aid and then carried him to safety. He returned through the hail of fire to the side of a second wounded man. Although painfully wounded by an exploding mortar round while returning the wounded man to a secure position, Sp4c. McMahon refused medical attention and heroically ran back through the heavy enemy fire toward his remaining wounded comrade. He fell mortally wounded before he could rescue the last man. Sp4c. McMahon's undaunted concern for the welfare of his comrades at the cost of his life are in keeping with the highest traditions of the military service and reflect great credit on himself, his unit, and the U.S. Army.
Specialist McMahon is buried in Mount Hope cemetery in Lewiston, Maine.

*SKIDGEL, DONALD SIDNEY
Rank and organization: Sergeant, U.S. Army, Troop D, 1st Squadron, 9th Cavalry, 1st Cavalry Division. Place and date: Near Song Be, Republic of Vietnam, 14 September 1969. Entered service at: Bangor, Maine. Born: 13 October 1948, Caribou, Maine. Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity in action at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty. Sgt. Skidgel distinguished himself while serving as a reconnaissance section leader in Troop D. On a road near Song Be in Binh Long Province, Sgt. Skidgel and his section with other elements of his troop were acting as a convoy security and screening force when contact occurred with an estimated enemy battalion concealed in tall grass and in bunkers bordering the road. Sgt.Skidgel maneuvered off the road and began placing effective machinegun fire on the enemy automatic weapons and rocket-propelled grenade positions. After silencing at least 1 position, he ran with his machinegun across 60 meters of bullet-swept ground to another location from which he continued to rake the enemy positions. Running low on ammunition, he returned to his vehicle over the same terrain. Moments later he was alerted that the command element was receiving intense automatic weapons, rocket-propelled grenade and mortar fire. Although he knew the road was saturated with enemy fire, Sgt. Skidgel calmly mounted his vehicle and with his driver advanced toward the command group in an effort to draw the enemy fire onto himself. Despite the hostile fire concentrated on him, he succeeded in silencing several enemy positions with his machinegun. Moments later Sgt. Skidgel was knocked down onto the rear fender by the explosion of an enemy rocket-propelled grenade. Ignoring his extremely painful wounds, he staggered back to his feet and placed effective fire on several other enemy positions until he was mortally wounded by hostile small arms fire. His selfless actions enabled the command group to withdraw to a better position without casualties and inspired the rest of his fellow soldiers to gain fire superiority and defeat the enemy. Sgt. Skidgel's gallantry at the cost of his life were in keeping with the highest traditions of the military service and reflect great credit upon himself, his unit, and the U.S. Army.
SGT Skidgel is buried in Sawyer cemetery in Plymouth, Maine.


Navy Expeditionary Battle Streamer

Somalia

*GORDON, GARY I.
Rank and organization: Master Sergeant, U.S. Army. Place and date: 3 October 1993, Mogadishu, Somalia. Entered service at: ----- Born: Lincoln, Maine. Citation: Master Sergeant Gordon, United States Army, distinguished himself by actions above and beyond the call of duty on 3 October 1993, while serving as Sniper Team Leader, United States Army Special Operations Command with Task Force Ranger in Mogadishu, Somalia. Master Sergeant Gordon's sniper team provided precision fires from the lead helicopter during an assault and at two helicopter crash sites, while subjected to intense automatic weapons and rocket propelled grenade fires. When Master Sergeant Gordon learned that ground forces were not immediately available to secure the second crash site, he and another sniper unhesitatingly volunteered to be inserted to protect the four critically wounded personnel, despite being well aware of the growing number of enemy personnel closing in on the site. After his third request to be inserted, Master Sergeant Gordon received permission to perform his volunteer mission. When debris and enemy ground fires at the site caused them to abort the first attempt, Master Sergeant Gordon was inserted one hundred meters south of the crash site. Equipped with only his sniper rifle and a pistol, Master Sergeant Gordon and his fellow sniper, while under intense small arms fire from the enemy, fought their way through a dense maze of shanties and shacks to reach the critically injured crew members. Master Sergeant Gordon immediately pulled the pilot and the other crew members from the aircraft, establishing a perimeter which placed him and his fellow sniper in the most vulnerable position. Master Sergeant Gordon used his long range rifle and side arm to kill an undetermined number of attackers until he depleted his ammunition. Master Sergeant Gordon then went back to the wreckage, recovering some of the crew's weapons and ammunition. Despite the fact that he was critically low on ammunition, he provided some of it to the dazed pilot and then radioed for help. Master Sergeant Gordon continued to travel the perimeter, protecting the downed crew. After his team member was fatally wounded and his own rifle ammunition exhausted, Master Sergeant Gordon returned to the wreckage, recovering a rifle with the last five rounds of ammunition and gave it to the pilot with the words, "good luck." Then, armed only with his pistol, Master Sergeant Gordon continued to fight until he was fatally wounded. His actions saved the pilot's life. Master Sergeant Gordon's extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest standards of military service and reflect great credit upon, his unit and the United States Army.
MSGT Gordon is buried in the Lincoln Maine cemetery.


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E-mail received December 17, 1998:

Dear Mr. Bouchard:

Your message requesting clarification on the Medal of Honor citation for Coxswain Charles H. Smith, U.S. Navy, has been referred to this office for reply. The Chief of Military History web site records the text of the citation accurately. The reference to "Mobile Bay" is apparently an error in the original. U.S.S. MONITOR went down off Cape Hatteras, North Carolina, on December 30, 1862. The citations of other men awarded the Medal of Honor for their conduct that night, such as that of Maurice Wagg, do not mention Mobile Bay. The abstract log of U.S.S. RHODE ISLAND places Charles H. Smith at the sinking of MONITOR by stating that he was one of RHODE ISLAND's crewmen lost in the rescue of MONITOR's crew.

Mark L. Hayes
Naval Historical Center
Early History Branch
901 M Street
Washington, DC 20374
Return to Coxswain's Smith Citation