Seal of the State of Maine

Companies D and F
Thirteenth Regiment
Maine Volunteer Infantry
Ship Island, Mississippi
March 1862-February 1863

Regimental Flag in Maine State Museum

This page includes:

The Title pages, a small part of Chapter II, all of Chapter III, and the Rosters of Companies D and F of the History of the Thirteenth Maine Regiment by Edwin B. Lufkin. Charles Bonsall has kindly provided an electronic copy of Lufkin's History.


Memorial to members of the Thirteenth Regiment, Maine Volunteer Infantry who died on Ship Island, Mississippi from March 1862 to February 1863.

Fort Massachusetts on Ship Island

Thirteenth Maine Homepage by Charles Bonsall

Civil War Page of the Maine State Archives (includes a summary of the history of the 13th)

Medal of Honor Recipients Associated with the State of Maine

MISSME: The Mississippi-Maine Link Page

Tribute to LTC Frank S. Hesseltine, USV, Medal of Honor Recipient

US Army Military History Institute Bibliography

Maine Military Historical Society Museum


of the

Thirteenth Maine Regiment

From its organization in 1861 to its

Muster-Out in 1865


By Edwin B. Lufkin

Weld, Maine

A Private of Co. E


With a sketch of the Thirteenth Maine Battalion

attached to the Thirtieth Maine; and an

Appendix containing a complete roster

of the regiment


H. A. Shorey & Son, Publishers,

Bridgton, Me.


To The Members of the

Thirteenth Maine Volunteer Infantry

both living and deceased,

with whom he marched through the mud of

Louisiana, the sand of Texas and the

dust of Virginia,

this volume is dedicated

by the author.


Weld, Maine

Late Private Co. E, Thirteenth Maine Vols.,

and the author of this history.

Was born in Weld, York County, Maine, Sept. 26th, 1841. He enlisted in the United States service, Oct. 15, 1861; was mustered out on account of expiration of term of enlistment, with the regiment, January 6, 1865.

Has always resided in his native town, which he has served several terms as Town Treasurer. He is a Justice of the Peace; has been Master of his Masonic Lodge; and was the first Commander of the local G.A.R. Post.

Excerpts from Chapter II. We pick up the story after temperance leader Neal Dow organizes a regiment in Maine. After mustering and organizing at Augusta, the regiment has been accepted for Federal service and is on the move for its first duty.:

As long as daylight lasted, at almost every farmhouse we passed, hats and handkerchiefs were waving; and all the way to Boston, at every village, was a crowd heartily cheering. Our train went by way of the Boston & Maine R.R., and did not reach the station in Haymarket Square till eleven P.M. From the station we marched to Faneuil Hall, through a street filled with a heartily cheering crowd, and at last lay down, about midnight, with two night's sleep due and a half a night to obtain it in. There we remained till the afternoon of the 20th [January], when Companies A, B, E and I, under Col. Dow, with Maj. Hesseltine and a part of the staff, embarked on the Steamer Mississippi for Ship Island, there to join Gen. Butler's expedition for the capture of New Orleans.

The next day the rest of the regiment, under Lieut. Col. Rust, with the remainder of the staff, took the cars for New York, where they remained till the 27th, when they embarked on the Steamer Fulton, in company with the 12th Connecticut, and sailed direct for Ship Island. No special incident is reported as having occurred during the passage, and after a prosperous voyage of only nine days, they reached Ship Island and went into camp.

14th Maine, which had left Augusta Feb. 5th, arrived at the Island the same day, March 8th.

The Steamer Mississippi, on which, besides Col. Dow's battalion, was embarked the 31st Massachusetts, commanded by Col. O.P. Godding, was a new, three-decked, screw steamer, of twenty-five hundred tons, and was commended by Capt. Fulton. She was composite built - that is, iron up to the middle deck and wood above - and had a powerful double engine. She was full barque-rigged, and was provided with two water-tight, iron bulkheads, extending from the keel to the middle deck. These bulkhead, as will soon be learned, were a few days later the means of saving the vessel from total destruction. [
Lufkin continues with the voyage of the Mississippi which endures a grounding off the coast of North Carolinia]

On the 20th [
March] we came in sight of what at first seemed to be the sails of a large fleet of boats, the resemblance being aided by the fact that there were several large vessels just beyond. As we drew nearer, the sails took the form of tents and we began to see men moving about; but they all seemed to be floating on the water, no land being visible. At last we were near enough to see that they were on an island of sand which barely rose above the surface of the water. This was Ship Island, and here Gen. Butler's division was rapidly organizing; but we had arrived there on the midst of a severe norther, which rendered landing impracticable for two days. We were informed that the rest of the regiment had arrived and had gone into camp nearly two weeks before. March 22nd, just before dark, the wind went down, so that we landed; and thus ended a voyage which had given the men an experience of the perils of the sea such as happens to but few in the same length of time.

Along the northern shore of the Gulf of Mexico, from the Appalachicola to the Rio Grande, stretches a sand-bank which has been and is still being thrown up by the waves of the Gulf. Most of the way it has risen slightly above the surface of the water in a chain of low islands. In Florida, Louisiana and Texas, many of these islands have become connected with the main land, forming numerous bays, each of which is a good harbor but has its mouth obstructed by a bar. In Mississippi, however, the islands are at a distance of about twelve miles from the coast. The larger ones are four in number and are known as Petit Bois, Horn, Ship and Cat Islands; Cat Island being the westerly one. With the exception of a few sand-hills, thrown up by the wind and being often changed in form by the same cause, their surface rises but little above ordinary high tide. Their substance is principally white sand; scattered through which are the remains of various fish, thus giving it sufficient fertility to support a a limited amount of vegetation. On Horn Island there are some tracts of coarse grass which are used to some extent for the pasturing of cattle, thus giving the island its name.

The body of water between these four islands and the coast is known as Mississippi Sound. The deepest water in the sound is not much more than twenty feet, and in the middle of the sound is generally about thirteen; from this it gradually grows shoaler towards the shore, so that on the main land wharves more than half a mile in length are necessary in order to reach nine feet of water. The sound is ordinarily a safe anchorage; but occasionally there is so heavy a southeast gale that the waters of the gulf overwhelm the islands, and the mountainous waves roll unobstructed upon the shore of the main land. The sound, also, in connection with Lake Pontchartrain, furnishes to light-draft vessels an inland passage between Mobile and New Orleans.

Ship Island, which was used as a rendezvous by the British in the campaign against New Orleans in the winter of 1814, is five or six miles long and about half a mile wide. On the south side is a strip which is overflowed by the highest tides, and midway between the two ends of the island this low tract extends across to the north side. This tract, when dry, is smooth, level, and hard, thus forming an excellent drill-ground. The east end of the island, in 1862, was mostly covered with a forest of pines; while the only vegetation on the west end was a few scattered patches of sweetbrier, rushes and cactus. At the west end of the island, the channel was deep enough for the largest vessels; and near that end on the north side there was deep water so near the shore that only a short wharf was needed. On this desolate spot, where Butler’s expedition for the capture of New Orleans was then organizing, our regiment found itself once more united. Drill, both company and battalion, was now practiced with energy and thoroughness; the island affording, to the fullest extent, the facilities which had been lacking in Augusta. There were also occasional brigade drills and frequent inspections; and about April 10th, after all the troops had arrived, there was a grand review.

We soon learned by sad experience, that although the island, as a rendezvous, possessed conspicuous advantages, its only recommendation from a sanitary point of view was its pure air. The only water obtainable could be endured to avoid dying from thirst, but was not an enticing beverage. It was procured by digging wells from three to six feet deep in the sand. The water in these wells rose and fell with the tide; and, although it was called fresh, it had several distinct flavors, among which were those of salt, gunpowder, and creosote. At its best it was only fit for immediate use; for a bucket of it standing over night would develop an odor of such unspeakable vileness as ought to make it a powerful disinfectant. It had, however, the economic advantage that rendered the administration of cathartics by the regimental surgeons a decided superfluity.

Unsuitable diet added to the discomfort of the troops. Owing to the season and to the long sea voyage, it was next to impossible to obtain fresh vegetables. The army rations were probably as good as could be obtained, but they furnished little variety and were sometimes damaged by salt water. During a portion of the time there was issued from the post bakery soft bread that was so excessively sour that but few of the men would eat more than enough of it to barely sustain life. Soon after it began to be issued there could be seen on the north shore of the island a winnow of loaves which had been thrown away.

To the effects upon the troops of unwholesome water and unsuitable food, was added that of the heat, which during the latter part of the time we spent there, was almost unendurable. The island is not far north of the tropics, and, with an almost vertical June sun shining upon the dazzling white sand, not only was the heat like that of an oven, but the reflection from the sand was torturing to the eyes. In spite of all the efforts of the medical staff, the sick list of the regiment was frightful; and the percentage of deaths, as well as discharges, was large. Diphtheria, scurvy, fever, chronic diarhoea, and general debility, the latter greatly aggravated by homesickness, allowed the surgeons but little spare time.

Insect pests were numerous - individuals, if not species. Ordinary flies were very annoying, especially in the hospitals, where it seemed almost necessary to have an attendant to each patient in order to keep them out on the faces of the helpless invalids. Some of the regiments were badly troubled by fleas; the Thirteenth, fortunately, not among the number. This, however, could not be said concerning the Pediculus vestimenti, familiarly known among the soldiers as the "grayback." The clothing if the four companies which came from Port Royal on the Matanzas, had become populous with these despisable vermin; and from them, or from some other source, they were soon distributed through the regiment. About the only practicable way of destroying them was by boiling; and as, owing to scarcity of fuel, this could not be done as often as was necessary, one or more "skirmishes" became a part of the regular daily routine. The midges, or sand flies, were terribly annoying to the soldiers, especially while on dress-parade. As this ceremony took place at sunset, just when the midges were most active, it is to be feared that the thoughts of the soldiers, while standing at parade-rest, would sometimes need to be represented in peint by a long row of dashes. The Great American Mosquito was there, both numerous and bloodthirsty; but they were found so much more numerous at our next station, that some of the old soldiers now cherish the fond delusion that there were no mosquitoes on Ship Island.

The duty required of the men was probably no harder than was necessary, and would not have seemed hard under favorable conditions; but it appeared severe to men enervated by the sudden change of climate and weakened by disease. As there were but few teams, nearly all the fuel had to be "toted " by the men from the upper end of the island. Most of our supplies had also to be carried from the wharf to our camp, a distance of nearly a mile; but a few weeks after our arrival a plank walk was built, which made that work much easier.

Drill usually occupied from four to six hours per day, while the heat and dampness of the climate rendered necessary a large amount of labor to keep the arms and equipments in respectable condition. There was a large amount of guard duty; three different guards being detailed, viz: a camp guard, a picket guard across the middle of the island, and a headquarters guard near the wharf. After about May 20th, when this was all devolved upon the Thirteenth by the departure of the last of the other regiments, each man on duty had to be on guard every other day. The fatigue began at the same time to be excessive, owing to there having been a large amount of stores collected there, all of which our regiment had to reload for forwarding to New Orleans.

For some time the fatigue duty seriously interfered with drill; so much so, that many days there were few men available for drill except those who had been relieved from guard duty in the morning. Several times some emergency required large details of men to work all night. About this time also, for several weeks there were forty men from the Thirteenth detailed on transport steamers, the crews of which were somewhat shorthanded. After most of the stores had been reshipped and the detailed men returned, the amount of fatigue duty, was much reduced; and, to some extent, guard duty also, so that the regiment could pay much more attention to drill; and before leaving the island it attained such a state of discipline that Gen. Weitzel, after reviewing and inspecting it without any previous notice of his coming, said he had never seen a better regiment.

The monotonous round of drill, fatigue and guard duty was so seldom varied by any more interesting service, that it may not be thought trifling to mention briefly, two excursions which portions of the regiment made to the main land. The latter part of May, Gen. Dow, who was then in command on the island, learned that some of the secessionists in Pass Christian, a little village almost directly across the sound, had been making threats of hanging or maltreating the few Union men in their vicinity. For this reason, it is supposed, he took six companies of the Thirteenth and made the place a flying visit. Leaving camp at 2. A. M., we went on board the steamer Sallie Robinson, and making rather a late start, arrived at our destination about 7.30 A. M. We soon landed, marched up into the village and stacked arms in a beautiful grove of pines. There we remained for several hours, while the General transacted, or tried to transact, the business for which he went. We then reembarked and went to Shieldsboro, or Bay St. Louis as it is now called, where we made but a short stop, and then returned to the island, reaching camp about 6 P. M. The result of the expedition I am unable to give, as no report of it appears in the War Records!

The above expedition was made June 3rd, and whatever were its objects or results, it was very soon apparent that it had no effect in preventing ill-treatment of Union men. Occasional refugees, both white and black, succeeded in reaching the island, all bringing the same information and reporting the leaders in the outrages, both actual and threatened, to be Rev. Mr. Sill, Mr. Hearn the village recorder, and a Mr. Seal. It was re solved to attempt their capture, either for punishment or to hold them as hostages for the good behavior of their associates. Gen. Dow, therefore, ordered a detail of two hundred men to cross the sound for that purpose.

In the night of June 21st, they went on board of the Steamer Creole, crossed the sound, and reached Pass Christian about daybreak. They quickly landed and marched to the house where the desired parties were supposed to be, but they could not be found. The attempt was not entirely fruitless, for Mr. Hearn's son-in-law and another man who were in the house, were seized and brought away. The steamer then started for Bay St. Louis to destroy some property which was of military advantage to the enemy, to procure some fresh beef, and to bring away some Union men who were said to be in that vicinity without the means of escaping.

When the steamer reached the bay a party of twenty men, under a Lieutenant, were sent in small boats up Wolf river, which empties into the east side of the bay; while the main body on the steamer went up Jordan's river, which empties into the west side. As the steamer proceeded up the river, Union refugees were taken on board till the cabin was full, and several head of cattle were obtained. The steamer went up the river several miles to where there was said to be a ferry, the intention being to; but on reaching the place the boat was found to have been removed, so the steamer put about and started to return.

After proceeding some distance down stream, orders were given to stop and destroy a saw-mill which was not far below. Just then the steamer was fired on by a party of about twenty guerrillas, who, armed with double-barrelled shot-guns, were concealed in a thicket near the bank. The attack was entirely unexpected; the officers and refugees were at dinner in the cabin, and the men were taking their ease, their guns being stacked on the lower deck.

For an instant all was confusion, but the men quickly rushed to their arms. Before they could use them the guerrillas fired a second volley and then took to their heels. Several shots were fired at them, but none of them were killed and probably none hurt. After the firing was over an investigation was made to learn its result. It was found that much damage was done to the windows and wood-work of the 'boat, and that several of the men had bullet-holes through their clothes, but that no one on the boat was injured, either soldier or citizen.

When the firing commenced the captain of the steamer, who was steering, let go of the wheel and lay down to escape the bullets, several of which seemed to be meant for him. Then the steamer, unguided, swung around and grounded so solidly that it was impossible to get her afloat before night. A strong picket guard was therefore posted on shore, and it is perhaps unnecessary to remark that it was a watchful one.

There was no disturbance during the night, and about daybreak the steamer, having got afloat, continued on her way down the river. There was now considerable anxiety about the detachment which was sent up Wolf river ; but on reaching the bay they were found there all right. Nothing of any special importance had happened to them; but, owing to the long absence of the steamer, they were afraid that the main body had been captured, and were just preparing to start for the is land in their boats when the steamer came in sight. They were taken on board and the whole party returned to camp before dark. From there the prisoners and refuses were soon sent to New Orleans. On the 28th of April, W. Dow was appointed Brigadier General, and Lieut. Col. Rust received his well-deserved promotion to Colonel, being mustered in that rank June 3rd. The vacancies thus created were filled by the promotion of Major Hesseltine to Lieutenant Colonel and Capt. Grover of Co. H to Major. Several vacancies in the list of officers were caused by death or resignation, and will be more particularly mentioned in the roster of the regiment.

Early in April, the vessels of Porter's mortar fleet were seen to spread their white wings and start for the mouth of the Mississippi. April 6th, seven regiments of infantry and two batteries of artillery were put on board of transports for the same destination; but, as Commodore Farragut sent word that he was having much difficulty in getting his larger vessels over the bar, they landed again. At last, on the 15th, news was received that the fleet was all over the bar and ready for business; and immediately the troops reembarked and started for the scene of action. While these troops were on shore, awaiting orders, occurred the grand review, already mentioned, of all the troops on the island.

On the 18th we began to hear the bombardment of Fort Jackson by the mortar fleet. For six days and nights, with but short intermissions, we could hear the tremendous reports of the fifteen-inch mortars; each report seeming almost to jar Ship Island, although the distance was about sixty miles in an air line. Then the noise ceased, and we remained in suspense till a vessel arrived with news of Farragut's gallant passage of the forts, and also brought orders for the departure of more of the troops. Soon word came of the surrender of Forts Jackson and Saint Philip, the fall of New Orleans, and of the evacuation of the forts at the entrance of Lake Pontchartrain. Regiment after regiment then went for ward, till early in May only the Thirteenth remained on the island.

The reason for the Thirteenth being selected to remain on the island the writer has never learned. The most probable reason was the wretched condition of our clothing. For several weeks, at that time, many of the men were absolutely without pants and had to be excused from dress-parade and guard duty for that reason, while nearly the whole regiment was in rags; but after all the other troops bad gone new dress uniforms were issued, thus enabling the regiment to present a respectable appearance.

About the first of July the military authorities decided that it was not necessary to retain the whole regiment on the island, as the place could be securely held by the gunboats; so two companies were retained for a guard, and the rest ordered into the defences of New Orleans. July 5th. Co. C left the island for Fort Pike, on the strait called the Rigolets, and Co. K for Fort Macomb, on Pass Chef Menteur, these being the two entrances to Lake Pontchartrain. July 8th the regiment was paid off, but only received four months' pay, although entitled to six. Half of this payment was in specie and half in greenbacks, this being the only time during its term of service that the regiment received money worth its face value. That evening, Companies G, H, and I, left for Fort Jackson, and Company A, for the Quarantine Station. Then in the evening of July 11th, Companies B and E left for Fort Saint Philip; leaving Companies D and F to endure existence in a place which General Butler declared to be the most dreaded place of confinement to which he ever ordered prisoners to be sent.

Epilogue: Lufkin departs with Co. E for Fort Saint Philip, and his History ignores Cos. D and F's remaining 7 months on the island. COL Henry Rust remains on Ship Island until January 21, 1863 when he is relieved by COL Nathan W. Daniels of the 2nd Louisiana Native Guards - a colored regiment, officered (with the exception of Daniels) by free blacks of New Orleans. COL Rust believes there will be trouble between the colored regiment and the companies he leaves behind (Rust's Diary). Daniels brings 7 companies of the 2nd LNG. Daniels picks up the narrative of Cos. D (commanded by CAPT Varney) & F (commanded by CAPT March) (along with Cos. E and G of the 8th Vermont) in his diary (recently published as Thank God My Regiment An African One edited by C.P. Weaver). Daniels places all of the commissioned officers and most of the privates of the Maine companies under arrest for refusing to obey the orders of his colored officers. Cos. D and F depart Ship Island (still under arrest) on February 11, 1863 (Note that this is at odds with The History of the 13th given by A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion by Frederick H. Dyer (Part 3)) for duty at Fort Jackson, LA - reuniting with Cos. A, G and I. On April 20th, COL Daniels withdraws the charges against the Maine companies in the interest of a united war effort. In September, Daniels is placed under arrest and travels to New Orleans to face a number of charges and communicates with CAPT A.L. Varney (of Co. D) in his capacity as Judge Advocate. Lufkin's narrative continues through the 13th's mustering out in January 1865 and includes the incorporation of some of the 13th's companies into the 30th Maine which finally mustered out in August 1865.



The following abbreviations are used:

add. last known address; exc. exchanged; prom. promoted or promotion;
app. appointed; kd. killed; rec. record or recorded;
Capt. Captain ; Lt. Lieutenant; rep. reported;
Col. Colonel; Lt-Col. Lieutenant Colonel; res. resigned;
corp. corporal; Maj. Major; ret. returned;
dbo. dis. by order; miss. missing; sergt. sergeant;
des. deserted or deserter; mout. mustered out; trans. transferred;
dfd. discharged for disability; mus. musician; V.R.C. Veteran Reserve Corps;
dis. discharged; non-com. non-commissioned; Vet. Veteran;
do. ditto; pris. prisoner; wd. wounded;



Dow, Neal - Colonel; Portland, 12/31/61. Received authority from the Governor to recruit a regiment 10/5/61; prom. Brigadier General 4/28/62; wd. at Port Hudson, La., 5/27/63; taken pris. 6/30/63; exc. 3/14/64; res. 11/30/64.

Rust, Henry Jr. - Lieutenant-Colonel; Norway, 12/10/61; prom. Col. 6/3/62; mout 1/6/65. Previously served as 1st Lieut. of Co. G, 1st Me. Inf. and Capt. of Co. G, 10th Me. Inf.

Hessletine, Frank S. - Major; Waterville, 12/10/61; prom. Lieut-Col. 6/3/62; mout 1/6/65. Previously served as Capt. of Co. G, 3rd Me. Inf.

Speed, Frederic - Adjutant; Gorham, 11/23/61; prom. Capt. and Assist. Adjutant General 8/22/62. Previously served as 2nd Lieut. of Co. A, 5th Me. Inf.

Stinson, David S. - Quartermaster; Auburn, 11/8/61; died at New Orleans, La., 7/8/62.

Bates, James M. - Surgeon; Yarmouth, 12/5/61, mout 1/6/65.


Gordon, Seth C. - Gorham, 11/28/61; prom. Surgeon 1st La. Inf. 10/22/63; mout 7/12/65.

Files, James R. - Monroe, 12/29/62; mout 1/6/65.


Moore, Henry D. - Portland, 1/23/62; res. 3/1/62, on U.S. gunboat Mount Vernon, off the coast of North Carolina.

Blake, Charles E. - Farmington, 12/13/61, with Co. K; trans Co. E.; prom. Chaplain 3/23/62; dis. 8/18/63.

Keely, Josiah - Saco, 12/18/63. Died 6/24/64.

Hayward, William W. - Fairfield, 9/22/64; mout 12/7/64.


Wilson, Edward H. - Sergeant-Major; Cumberland, 12/12/61; prom. 2nd Lieut. Co. G, ;8/27/62;prom. 1st Lieut. and Adjutant, 10/1/62; mout 1/6/65.

Blossom, Wayne W. - Quartermaster-Sergeant; Turner, 12/10/61; dfd. 6/8/63.

Dow, George H. - Commissary-sergeant; Portland, 12/10/61; dfd. 7/26/62.

Evans, Simeon A. - Hospital steward; Fryeburg, 12/9/61; prom. Assistant Surgeon 14th Me. 3/17/63; mout. 1/13/65.


Bates, Charles A. - Captain; Norridgewock, 12/9/61; res. 8/25/62.

Varney, Almon L. - 1st-Lt.; Brunswick, 12/9/61; prom. Capt. 9/19/62; mout. 1/6/65. App. 2nd-Lt. in U.S. Ordnance Dept., 2/15/65; prom. 1st-Lt. 6/23/74; prom. Capt. 10/29/74.

Witherell, James H. - 2nd-Lt; Norridgewock, 12/9/61; prom. 1st-Lt. 9/19/62; mout. 2/17/65.


Jones, Daniel S. - Norridgewock, 12/9/61; prom. 2nd-Lt. 9/19/62; mout. 1/6/65.

Pollard, Henry - Skowhegan, 12/9/61; red to ranks; prom. corp. for bravery 4/9/64; mout. 1/6/65.

Tobey, Edward W. - Norridgewock, 12/9/61; mout. 1/6/65.

White, Hiram - Oldtown, 12/9/61; dfd. 1/8/63.

Swift, Richard B. - Norridgewock, 12/9/61; dis. for prom. in Corps d’Afrique.


Wyman, Eri W. - Dead River Plantation, 12/9/61; prom. 1st sergt. 9/20/63; mout. 1/6/65.

Gates, Joel - Oldtown, 12/9/61; prom. sergt. 11/11/62; died 2/23/64.

Crowell, Sanford - Smithfield, 12/9/61; died at Ship Island, Miss., 9/1/62.

Tinkham, Nelson T. - Norridgewock, 12/9/61; died 1/8/62.

Pease, Edward - Norridgewock, 12/9/61; dis. for prom. in Corps d’Afrique.


French, Franklin B. -Mercer, 12/9/61; taken pris. 4/8/64; dis. 7/25/65.

Jones, John C. - Norridgewock, 12/9/61; reenlisted; dis. 4/14/64.


Adams, Charles B. - Skowhegan, 12/9/61; prom. corp. 12/10/61; wd. at Pleasant Hill, La., 4/9/64; mout. 1/6/65.

Allen, Samuel B. - Norridgewock, 12/9/61; prom. corp. 11/26/62; ret. to ranks in 64; mout. 1/6/65.

Ames, Philander - Madison, 12/9/61; dfd. 2/1/64.

Andrews, Samuel A. - Anson, 12/9/61; dfd. 2/22/63.

Bates, James D. - Norridgewock, 12/9/61; reenlisted; prom. corp.; mout as surplus non-com 1/25/65.

Bigelow, John C. - Smithfield, 12/9/61; mout. 1/6/65.

Bimson, Richard - Steuben, 1/16/62; dfd. 2/17/64.

Burns, Franklin L. - Embden, 12/9/61; mout. 1/6/65.

Burns, Wilsin - Lexington, 12/9/61; died 1/4/62.

Canfield, William F. - Oldtown, 12/9/61; reenlisted; deserted while on veteran furlough.

Carr, David - Oldtown, 12/9/61; reenlisted; trans. to Co. K, 30th Me., 1/1/65; mout. 8/20/65.

Chapman, Jacob P. - Dead River Plantation, 12/9/61; died at Ship Island, Miss., 6/2/62.

Chapman, Warren B. - Augusta, 12/9/61; taken pris. 4/9/64; dis. 7/25/65.

Clark, George F. - Oldtown, 12/9/61; mout. 1/6/65.

Coffin, Stephen - Oldtown, 12/9/61; dfd. 5/16/64.

Crowell, Calvin G. - Smithfield, 12/9/61; dfd. 11/27/62.

Cunningham, Samuel - Augusta, 12/9/61; dfd. 3/6/64.

Cunningham, George - Augusta, 1/11/62; dfd. 3/8/64.

Davis, Henry H. - Norridgewock, 12/9/61; dfd. 7/14/64.

Dixon, William - Skowhegan, 12/9/61; died at Brazos Santiago, Texas, 11/23/63.

Dugan, Cornelius - Oldtown, 12/9/61; trans. to VRC in 1864.

Dugan, John - Oldtown, 12/9/61; reenlisted; trans. to Co. K, 30th Me., 1/1/65; mout. 8/20/65.

Elden, Alvah - New Portland, 12/9/61; des. 12/10/61; mustered into 4th Me. Battery 1/14/62; des. from battery; ret. to duty in regt. 10/1/63; trans. to Co. K, 30th Me., 1/1/65; mout. 8/20/65.

Gale, George A. - Anson, 12/9/61; reenlisted; no further record.

Gordon, Oliver P. - Embden, 12/9/61; mout. 1/6/65.

Grant, Hubbard - Norridgewock, 12/9/61; dis. by habeus corpus 2/10/62. Afterward served in Co. K, 21st Me.

Gray, Reuben - Starks, 12/9/61; died at Ship Island, Miss., 11/30/62.

Haskell, Nathaniel H. - Oldtown, 12/9/61; dfd. 10/27/62.

Hunter, Francis - Moose River, 12/9/61; dfd. 8/26/62.

Jackson, William C. - Solon, 12/9/61; reenlisted; taken pris. 4/9/64; paroled; trans. to Co. K, 30th Me., 1/1/65; dis. 7/31/65.

James, Isaac H. - Dead River Plantation, 12/9/61; trans. to VRC 5/31/64.

Jellison, Nelson R. - Oldtown, 12/9/61; prom. corp. 9/20/63; trans. to VRC in 1864.

Johnston, Rufus - Greenfield, 12/27/61; dfd. 3/5/64.

Jones, George H. - Oldtown, 12/9/61; reenlisted; trans. to Co. K, 30th Me., 1/1/65; mout. 8/20/65.

Kelley, John P. - Oldtown, 12/9/61; app. wagoner; dfd. 10/27/62.

Kerne, John F. - Norridgewock, 12/9/61; des. 2/17/62.

Knight, Albert F. - Oltown, 12/9/61; died at New Orleans, La., 8/21/62.

Knight, Charles M. - Skowhegan, 12/9/61; died at Ship Island, Miss., 7/17/62.

Libby, Charles A. - Oldtown, 12/9/61; died 1/3/62.

Lishon, Charles - New Portland, 12/9/61; dfd. 4/15/62. Afterward served in Co. I, 17th Me.

Maxim, Leander E. - Dead River Plantation, 12/9/61; wd. at Cane River Crossing, La., 4/23/64; mout. 1/6/65.

McCarley, John - New Orleans, La., 9/30/63; trans. to Co. K, 30th Me., 1/1/65; mout. 8/20/65.

McDonald, Isaac W. - Oldtown, 12/9/61; wd. at Pleasant Hill, La., 4/9/64; arm amputated; dis 5/22/64.

Mitchell, Crosby - Norridgewock, 12/9/61; prom. corp. 12/10/61; prom. sergt. 1/8/63; kd. at Sabine Cross-Roads, La., 4/8/64.

Moody, Charles B. - Bingham, 12/9/61; prom. corp. 9/12/63; reenlisted; wd. at Pleasant Hill, La., 4/9/64; died of wounds.

Morse, Paris - Brighton, 12/9/61; died at Fort Jackson, La., 6/7/63.

Nichols, Albest S. - Dead River Plantation, 12/9/61; prom. corp. 1/8/63; reenlisted; dbo. of War Dept. in 1864.

Packard, Charles - Starks, 12/9/61; reenlisted; is rep. as prom. sergt.; trans. to Co. K, 30th Me., 1/1/65; appears on the rolls of that company as private; mout. 8/20/65.

Paine, Eugene - Anson, 12/9/61; died 10/13/62.

Pelton, Oscar - Madison, 12/9/61; trans. to VRC in 1864.

Pennell, Quincy B. - Brighton, 12/9/61; died at Brazos Santiago, Texas, 12/23/63.

Prescott, George L. - Oldtown, 12/9/61; prom. corp. 10/30/62; reenlisted; prom. sergt.; mout. as surplus non-com. officer 1/25/65.

Rogers, Lemuel W. - Moscow, 12/9/61; dfd. 9/29/63.

Roulston, Robert - Oldtown, 12/9/61; dfd. 7/10/62.

Sheridan, Francis P. - Solon, 12/9/61; dfd. 6/25/63. Afterward served in Co. A, 16th Me.

Smith, Henry A. - Mercy, 12/9/61; reenlisted; prom. corp.; trans. to Co. K, 30th Me., 1/1/65; mout. 8/20/65.

Spencer, Thomas - Oldtown, 12/9/61; des. 2/16/62.

Stevens, Hartson - Norridgewock, 12/9/61; mout. 1/6/65.

Stevens, Samuel - Norridgewock, 12/9/61; dfd. 10/27/62. Afterward served in 7th Me. Battery.

Taylor, Cyrus F. - Norridgewock, 12/9/61; mout. 1/6/65.

Thompson, Benjamin F. - New Portland, 12/9/61; dfd. 6/24/64.

Thompson, Moses - New Portland, 12/26/61; dfd. 3/8/64.

Thompson, Samuel - Madison, 12/9/61; died at Ship Island, Miss., 6/8/62.

Tobey, Edwin - Norridgewock, 12/9/61; prom. corp. 9/2/62; mout. 1/6/65.

Toomey, Hugh - Oldtown, 12/9/61; mout. 1/6/65.

Tozier, Orlando E. Anson, 12/9/61; prom. corp. 12/10/61; reenlisted; mout. as surplus non-com. officer 1/25/65.

Wallace, Lorenzo H. - Belgrade, 12/9/61; mout. 1/6/65.

Wentworth, James L. - Embden, 12/9/61; mout. 1/6/65.

Wentworth, Jefferson - Embden, 12/9/61; mout. 1/6/65.

Wheeler, Charles - Oldtown, 12/9/61; mout. 1/6/65.

Wheeler, Joel B. - 12/9/61; rep. des. in 1864.

White, Dimmick B. - Oldtown, 12/9/61; captured by guerrillas 10/31/64; dis. 7/22/65.

White, Myles - Oldtown, 12/9/61; dfd. 4/10/62.

Wiggins, George H. - Skowhegan, 12/9/61; dfd. 7/9/63.

Williams, John D. - Concord, 12/9/61; reenlisted; prom. corp.; mout. as surplus non-com. 1/25/65.

Williamson, John - Anson, 12/9/61; dfd. 4/10/62.

Wing, Steward - Dead River Plantation, 12/9/61; prom. corp. 12/10/61; prom. sergt. 9/12/63; reenlisted; trans. to Co. K, 30th Me., 1/1/65; mout. 8/20/65.

Wyman, Charles O. - Augusta, 1/11/62; dfd. in 1862. Afterward served in VRC.

Wyman, William P. - Dead River Plantation, 12/9/61; dfd. 9/29/63.

York, Charles F. - Brighton, 12/9/61; died 4/1/64.

Young, Andrew Lexington, 12/9/61; dfd. 4/10/62.


March, Charles R. - Captain; Portland, 12/10/61; kd. on Matagorda Peninsula, Texas, 1/21/64.

Blossom, Waldo A. - 1st-Lt.; Turner, 12/10/61; res. 4/12/62.

Sherburne, John H. - 2nd-Lt.; Portland, 12/10/61; prom. 1st-Lt. 5/20/62; not mustered; was drowned in Lake Ponchartrain, La., 10/7/62, by the explosion of Steamer Ceres.


Jordan, Reuben T. - Portland, 12/10/61; prom. 1st-Lt. to date from 4/14/62; prom. Capt. 3/9/64; mout. 1/6/65.

Waterhouse, Samuel O. - Portland, 12/10/61; dfd. 4/10/62. Previously served in Co. A, 1st Me. Inf.

Freeman, William P. - Portland, 12/10/61; prom. 2nd-Lt. 11/4/62; prom. 1st-Lt. 3/9/64; wd. at Pleasant Hill 4/9/64; mout. 1/6/65.

Holmes, Franklin E. - Portland, 12/10/61; prom. 1st sergt., 11/1/62; prom. 2nd-Lt. Co. B, 30th Me. 1/1/65; mout. 8/20/65.

Pettingill, Andrew C. - Auburn, 12/10/61; dfd. 10/27/62. 


Elwell, Benjamin A. - Auburn, 12/10/1861; prom. sergt.; died 4/20/63.

Hunt, Moses - Windham, 12/10/1861; prom. sergt. 5/1/63; reduced to ranks 4/12/64; mout. 1/6/65.

Harlow, Lucius - Auburn, 12/10/1861; mout. 1/6/65.

Rice, Dexter S. - Ashby, Mass. , 12/10/1861; prom. sergt. 7/1/62; mout. 1/6/65.

Merrill, Auburn - Auburn, 12/10/1861; prom. sergt. 11/1/62; mout. 1/6/65.

Nichols, Joseph O.S. - Auburn, 12/10/1861; re-enlisted; prom. sergt.; trans Co. B, 30th Me., 1/1/65; mout. 8/20/65.

Billings, Adoniram J. - Brooksville, 12/10/1861; died at Ship Island 8/23/62.

Mills, William R. - Portland, 12/10/61; dfd. 9/25/63.


Snow, James F. - Augusta, , 12/10/1861; dis. 8/26/62. Afterward served in Co. B, 2d Me. Cav.

Conner, Charles L. - Lewiston, 12/10/61; reenlisted; trans, Co. B, 30th Me., 1/1/65; mout. 8/20/65.;


Wyer, Otis - Portland, 12/10/61; supposed to have been dfd. at General Hospital, New Orleans, ‘64;


Adams, Thomas - Topsham, 12/10/61, with Co. F; trans. Co. C; died at New Orleans, La., 7/31/64.

Anderson, William - Auburn, 12/10/61; dfd. 4/10/62.

Andrews, Joseph - Lewiston, 12/10/61; prom. sergt. 9/1/62; reenlisted; fell-out and was taken pris. during retreat from Sabine Cross-roads; no further record. Previously served in Mexican War.

Arris, Charles - Lewiston, 12/10/61; trans. to VRC in 1864.

Arris, William P. - Danville, 12/10/61; dfd. 2/7/62.

Ayer, James F. - Minot, 12/31/61; mout. 1/6/65.

Beal, Burritt H. - Portland, 12/10/61; prom. quartermaster-sergt. 9/13/63; prom. 2nd Lt. Co. H, 30th Me., 1/1/65; mout. 8/20/65.

Beal, Leonard H. - Poland, 12/10/62; dis. 11/27/62.

Beals, Lewis - Danville, 12/10/61; prom. corp. 5/1/63; reenlisted; mout. as surplus non-com. 1/25/65.

Bird, William F. - Auburn, 12/10/61; died at Ship Island 8/20/62.

Black, Reuben - Sedgwick, 12/10/61; died 1/7/62.

Blackstone, Henry - Blanchard, 12/10/61, with Co. F; trans. Co. C; reenlisted; trans. to Co. K, 30th Me., 1/1/65; prom. corp.; mout. 8/20/65.

Blackstone, Joseph - Auburn, 1/16/62; dfd. 10/27/62.

Blagden, Eli N. - Bluehill, 12/10/61; dis. 2/22/63. Afterward served in Co. D, 31st Me.

Bragdon, John F. - Portland, 1/23/62; reenlisted; taken pris. 4/9/64; exc.; dis. 9/4/65.

Bridges, Levi - Sedgwick, 1/23/62; sent to hospital in New Orleans in 1864; no further record.

Bridges, Wesley T. - Sedgwick, 2/17/62; died 4/27/64.

Browne, John S. - Greene, 1/23/62; sent to hospital in New Orleans in 1864; no further record.

Burns, John - Portland, 1/23/62; reenlisted; trans. to Co. B, 30th Me., 1/1/65; dis. at hospital 8/28/65.

Carruthers, Edwin J. - Portland, 1/23/62; reenlisted; prom. corp.; trans. to Co. B, 30th Me., 1/1/65; mout. 8/20/65.

Chandler, Thomas - Athens, 12/10/61; dfd. 8/26/62.

Chapman, Matthew D. - Athens, 12/10/61; dfd. 2/17/64. Afterwards served in Co. M, 31st Me.

Chapman, William S. - Athens, 12/10/61; died 11/23/62.

Conant, Winslow - Auburn, 12/10/61; dis. 2/22/63.

Coston, Charles A. - Hartland, 12/10/61; mout. 1/6/65.

Coston, Henry E. - Athens, 12/10/61; dfd. 10/27/62. Afterwards served in Co. C, 30th Me.

Crocker, Thomas - Sedgwick, 12/10/61; left sick at New Orleans in 1864; no further record.

Curtis, Ambrose - Waldo, 12/7/63; trans. to Co. B, 30th Me., 1/1/65; in arrest for desertion at time of mout. of regt.

Cushman, Charles L. - Guilford, 12/10/61, with Co. F; trans. Co. C; reenlisted; taken pris. at Pleasant Hill, La., 4/9/64; exc.; trans. to Co. K, 30th Me., 1/1/65; dis. 8/10/65.

Davis, John H. - Portland, 12/10/61; mout. 1/6/65.

Drake, Henry S. - Auburn, 12/10/61; dfd. 2/11/62. Afterward served in Co. H, 29th Me.

Dunham, Albert S. - Lisbon, 12/10/61; dfd. 10/30/63. Afterward served in Co. A, 1st Me. Vet. Inf.

Dyer, Charles H. - Livermore, 12/10/61; des. 12/30/61.

Eaton, Eben - Sedgwick, 12/10/61; trans. to VRC in 1864.

Eaton, Stephen M. - Sedgwick, 3/4/64; trans. to Co. B, 30th Me., 1/1/65; mout. 8/20/65.

Flaherty, Patrick F. - Portland, 12/10/61; trans. to VRC in 1864.

Foloman, Samuel - Bangor, 1/23/62; reenlisted; trans. to Co. B, 30th Me., 1/1/65.

Foss, Ashbury W. - Auburn, 12/10/61; dis. for prom. in Corps d’Afrique in 1863.

Foss, Joseph -Lewiston, 12/4/61; mout. 1/6/65. ( See Co. C).

Fuller, Bennett B. - Minot, 12/10/61; dfd. 10/27/62.

Gill, Leonard F. - Portland, 12/10/61; kd. at Pleasant Hill, La., 4/9/64.

Gilpatrick, James - Lewiston, 12/10/61; dfd. 2/11/62.

Grant, Enoch - Auburn, 12/10/61; died 7/3/63.

Gray, Thomas M. - Athens, 12/10/61; mout. 1/6/65.

Hackett, Rufus P. - Danville, 12/10/61; dis. 9/29/63.

Haraden, Charles E. - Auburn, 1/16/62; dis. 8/2/63.

Haraden, Washington - Auburn, 1/16/62; died in 1864.

Harmon, Joshua - Webster, 2/17/62; trans. to Co. B, 30th Me., 1/1/65; mout. 2/16/65.

Harmon, Phineas P. - Portland, 12/10/61; dfd. 8/26/62.

Hartford, Solomon - Portland, 12/10/61; mout. 1/6/65.

Hilton, Charles H. - Lewiston, 12/10/61; mout. 1/6/65.

Hodsdon, Charles - Wales, 12/31/61; dfd. 4/2/62.

Holmes, Albion K.P. - Cornville, 11/20/61 with Co. A; trans; dfd. 9/17/62.

Jackson, Charles A. - Portland, 12/10/61; reenlisted; des. 4/14/64.

Jackson, Freeman L. - Auburn, 1/16/62; reenlisted; trans, to Co. B, 30th Me., 1/1/65; mout. 8/20/65.

Jackson, Henry D. - New Portland, 3/28/62; mia. 4/8/64; no further record.

Jackson, Isaac W. - New Portland, 1/16/62; trans. to Co. B, 30th Me., 1/1/65; mout. 1/16/65.

Jordan, Albus R. - Portland, 12/10/61; prom. corp. 11/1/62; reenlisted; mout. as surplus non-com officer 1/24/65.

Jordan, George F. - Lisbon, 12/31/61; dfd. 8/26/62.

Jordan, Winthrop - Danville, 12/31/61; dis. 2/22/63.

Kent, John - Danvers, Mass., 3/31/62; trans. to VRC in 1864.

Lawton, Francis - Sedgwick, 12/10/61; prom. corp. 8/29/62; mia. 4/9/64; prob. killed.

Lawton, Fred H. - Sedgwick, 3/4/64; trans, to Co. B, 30th Me., 1/1/65; died on Steamer Karnak, in Portland Harbor, 8/25/65. Previously served in Co. H, 26th Me.

Lawton, Winslow Jr. - Sedgwick, 12/10/61; reenlisted; prom. corp.; trans, to Co. B, 30th Me., 1/1/65; mout. 8/20/65.

Libby, Arthur - Portland, 12/10/61; mout. 1/6/65.

Libby, Frank G. - Portland, 12/10/65; mia. 4/8/64; no further record.

Libby, William F. - Gorham, 12/10/61; reenlisted; trans, to Co. B, 30th Me., 1/1/65; mout. 8/20/65.

Linscott, Daniel J. - Auburn, 12/31/61; prom. corp. 11/1/62; dfd. in 1864. Afterwards served in Co. B, 8th Me.

Lowell, Harrison D. - Greene, 12/10/61; reenlisted; trans, to Co. B, 30th Me., 1/1/65; mout. 8/20/65.

McNulty, John - Lewiston, 12/10/61; mia. 4/8/64; no further record.

Meserve, Richard H. - Limerick, 12/10/61; dfd. 7/29/62.

Moore, Eleazer - Winterport, 12/10/61; dis. 7/17/63.

Moulton, Marshall - Unity, 12/10/61; dfd. 4/11/64.

O’Brien, John - Lewiston, 12/10/61; left sick in New Orleans in 1864; no further record; probably discharged at hospital.

Parker, Paris - Bucksport, 12/10/61; died at Ship Island, Miss., 7/12/62.

Pierce, George W. - Auburn, 12/10/61; dis. 6/25/63.

Piper, Jonathan E. - Auburn, 12/10/61; dfd. 5/26/62. Afterward served in Co. I, 29th Me.

Plummer, Robert - Scarboro, 1/23/62; prom. corp. 9/1/62; reenlisted; mout. as surplus non-com. officer 1/25/65.

Plunkett, John - Lewiston, 12/10/61; dfd. 8/26/62.

Ramsdell, James M. - Auburn; must.-in 1/16/62; reenlisted; trans. to Co. B, 30th Me., 1/1/65; mout. 8/20/65.

Records, Henry - Danville, 12/10/61; record incomplete; probably dfd. in 1862.

Robbins, Samuel - Woodstock, 12/10/61; mout. 1/6/65.

Saunders, Fred A. - Orland, 12/10/61; dis. 6/25/63.

Seavey, Ellis H. - Jackson, 12/31/61; reenlisted; trans. to Co. B, 30th Me., 1/1/65; mout. 8/20/65.

Smith, Henry A. -.Solon, 12/10/61, with Co. F; trans. Co. C; dis. 5/8/62.

Staples, John - Sedgwick, 12/10/61; reenlisted; wd. at Pleasant Hill, La., 4/9/64; arm amputated; dis. 7/24/64.

Stevens, Hiram - Jackson, 12/31/61; dfd. 8/26/62.

Stinchfield, Cyrus A. - Danville, 12/10/61; mout. 1/6/65.

Stuart, Brown B. - (Listed as Steward, Brown B. in Co. C. . - Monson, 12/10/61, with Co. F; trans. Co. C; dis. 10/21/62.)

Thrasher, Charles G. - Cape Elizabeth, must.-in 1/23/62; dis. 9/29/63.

Thrasher, Henry S. - Cape Elizabeth, must.-in 1/23/62; 12/31/61; trans. to Co. B, 30th Me., 1/1/65; mout. 8/20/65.

Trundy, Albert C. - Portland, 12/10/61; prom. commissary sergt. 8/16/62; dis. for prom. in Corps d’Afrique in 1863.

Whittier, Charles F. - Portland, 12/10/61; dfd. 4/2/62.

Winslow, James H. - Bangor; must.-in 1/25/62; dfd. 2/17/64.

Yates, John - Standish; must.-in 1/25/62; died of disease 11/4/63.


Green, Nathaniel - Plaquemine, La. 10/17/63; des. 7/3/64.

Robinson, Peter - Plaquemine, La. 10/17/63; des. 3/3/64.

Other Maine Regiments serving at Ship Island, Mississippi: A detachment of the 2nd Cavalry Regiment was a posted to Pascagoula, Mississippi Dec 1864 - February 1865.

Other Civil War Sites:
US Internet Genealogy Society
The American Civil War Homepage
Summary of Action of Maine Civil War Regiments
Union Army Regimental History Index
Civil War Archives Regimental History (Dyer's)
Maine Regimental Rosters
Cyndi's List Civil War Union Regiments
19th Corps Order for the 13th Maine
Maine Medal of Honor Recipients
MISSME: The Mississippi-Maine Link
14th Maine Infantry
Maine Regimental History Books
Bowdoin College Civil War Holdings (Papers of John Deering, Jr. and Simeon Evans)
Mississippi in the Civil War
John Lacombe's Civil War Links
Grand Army of the Republic Homepage
Maine in the Civil War

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