Long term electrical charge variations may account for cosmological redshift.
This article was originally published by Magnolia Scientific Research Group
of Starkville MS as Technote 1- 88. It was placed on the world wide web as
a HTML document on August 3, 1997. (A number of unnecessary quotation
marks have been removed from the text and the phrase red shift, in the
original, has been replaced with redshift wherever occurring .) The
article may be reproduced with appropriate referencing for non-profit
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Articles" section at the end of the page are added to or modified on a continuing
Latest page revision/update - 22 Oct 2016.
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When we use Hubble's redshift law to compute distances to remote galaxies, we
do so under the assumption that the original light, coming to us from thousands
of millions of years ago, was emitted at essentially the same wavelengths as
observed in local present-day equivalent stellar processes. Because of this
underlying assumption, we have to hypothesize some mechanism such as the
recessional velocity Doppler effect, to shift the light's spectrum to the less
energetic longer wavelengths that we detect. The apparent size and radiated
power output of Quasars, as determined by using currently viable redshift ideas,
seem ready to shake the very foundations of physics. This note offers a new
hypothesis dealing with cosmological redshift that may leave our foundations
intact or at least modify them only slightly.
2. Galactic density dependent electrical charge.
If galaxies are condensates from a primordial soup, then their material densities
should be increasing with time. We hypothesize that the unit electrical charge
is proportional to the "local" galactic material density. That is, the electrical
charge of any given electron or proton is related to the total number of other
protons, electrons, etc., that are close enough to influence it via direct
electrodynamic elementary interactions. A distance of five light years may
suffice for our estimated limit for direct electrodynamic influences. This
figure is adapted from the extinction theorem wherein charged particles in an
intervening medium absorb and re-radiate electromagnetic energy thus
extinguishing the original energy.(1)
We propose that, if the unit electrical charge within galaxies has been increasing
down through cosmological ages, then the strength of electrical interactions
between their constituent atomic nuclei and their atomic electrons has also been
increasing. The sizes of atoms should have been decreasing and the energies of
their electrons in orbit should have been increasing as side effects of the basic
galactic condensation process.
According to this approach, the orbital electrons in the atoms of stellar
atmospheres back in our earlier universe, would have been less energetic than
those of electrons of the same present-day atoms. The energy differences between
their electron shells would have also been smaller in comparison to those of
present day. Thus, photons emitted by stars, made up of the less energetic atoms
of long ago, would have carried away smaller amounts of energy and would have
had longer wavelengths than those emitted by corresponding present day atoms
in this corner of our galaxy.
Redshifts associated with increasingly distant galaxies may not be related to an
ever-increasing speed of recession, with respect to us, or to a gravitational energy
loss, or to "tired light." The light may have simply been emitted at longer
wavelengths. According to this viewpoint, redshift may still be used, in general,
as an indirect measure of distance but it should be considered as a galactic
material density effect. The redder shifted the light the younger the source at the
time of emission.
A word of caution! If we rigidly translate redshifts to distances, then newly
condensing cosmological objects, (late bloomers) could conceivably be mis-labeled
as being much further away and thus much more energetic that they actually are.
Quasars may have already fallen into this category.
(1) John G. Fox, Evidence Against Emission Theories, American
Journal of Physics, Vol. 33, No. 1, pp.1-17, January 1965.
M. W. MacGown, PhD, of the Magnolia Scientific Research Group, was instrumental in the
above article's being written. It should be obvious to most readers that the article's
author must have been a "new kid on the block." MacGown, a researcher par
excellence in the field of Entomology provided encouragement and constructive
criticism but gracefully allowed the author to make his own mistakes.
[Added 17 April 2003]
Emission-Absorption-Scattering (EAS) Sub-quantum Physics - R.S. Fritzius -
[The GIGO function for the absorption and emission of force carrying particles by electrons
and protons, etc. in this model permits electrical charge to be considered as a variable whose
value is proportional to what was called the "local galactic material density" in the article above.
"Local matter density" (LMD) might be a better phrase. Added 18 July 2002.]
Cosmology's Missing Mass Problems (1)Thumbnail sketch of the
missing-mass/dark-matter ideas and proposed solutions. (2)Scale of the universe
considerations, starting with the Curtis-Shapley debate, with emphasis on van Maanen's
evidence for local spiral nebulae. (3)Author's cosmological redshift (this article) applied
as a further scale of the-universe factor. - Robert Fritzius, 27 June 2003