6. Action of a Closed Current
on an element of Neutral Current . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 233 390
7. Action of a Closed Neutral Current or of a Magnet
on an Ion in Motion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 237 394
8. Convective Action of Electricity. Experiments
of Rowland, Roentgen and Eichenwald . . . . . . . . . . . . 240 396
1 Page numbering is from Annales de Chimie et de Physique,
13 (1908). In the text, Annales page numbers are linked to
gallica bibliotheque numerique
scanned copies of the original pages in French. 2 Page numbering from Gesammelte Werke - Walther Ritz- Oeuvres,
Gauthier Villars, Paris, 1911, is shown in parentheses in the body of the text.
Thanks to Mr. Jeffrey Riso of (then) Slidell, LA for the use of John Fox's
copy of this work. Fox's widow gave the volume to Jeffrey and he entrusted it
to me (RSF).
A non-searchable pdf copy of the Introduction and First Part
is available at Ritz-CML.pdf. [Added 05 Oct 2009.]
This work was originally translated from the French to English in 1972-1973
by Ms. Jocyln Lucier, a French Canadian citizen residing in Ventura California.
A second independent translation was begun in 1978 by Mr. George Toth, of
Czechoslovakia, at the University of Southern Mississippi, Hattiesburg, MS.
Mr. Toth completed pages 145-229 before having to return to Europe. The
final portion of the second translation (pages 230-275) was done
in 1979 by Ms. Elizabeth Bull at Mississippi State University.
The independent translations were compared against one another in preparing
this English version for publication. Editing in English and
manuscript preparation of the Introduction and First Part was done
by Mr. Robert
email@example.com, of Starkville, MS.
A number of difficult passages in the Introduction and First Part
were cleared up in 1980 by Maria Arun Kumar, also of the Foreign Language
Department at Mississippi State University. One crucial, but arcanely
composed sentence, at the end of the article's first page, was graciously
resolved by the Department Head, Edmund A. Emplaincourt. (It would appear
that Ritz was composing in German but writing in French. According
to George Toth, there has to be a German original somewhere.)
The Second Part was edited from the independent translations
(translations checked in the process) and converted to electronic format
by Dr. Yefim Bakman,
firstname.lastname@example.org, of Tel
Aviv University, Israel. Final English smoothing was done
by Robert Fritzius.
The Second Part files, including html versions, were installed on
this website in January 2005.
Sections 5, 6, and 7 of the First Part were prepared as doc and html
files and installed on the website in March 2005.
Readers should note that the Second Part of this work is not Ritz's
better mousetrap. It is a step in that direction but Ritz was
using emission theory with ficticious particles which were not affected by
their environment. (This was to be consistent with the superposition principle.)
Ritz used his (action without reaction) fictitious particles to re-model
Maxwell-Lorentz electrodynamics. At various places he explains that what is
being presented is not consistent with his theory, which would
have fictious particles being acted on by charges in the medium through which
they travel. (This amounts to a disagreement with the superposition principle.)
Alfred O'Rahilly, Electromagnetic Theory, [908 pages] - Dover, (1965) [Thanks to Anthony Hollick, Bristol, England and Steve R. Williams, Cheshire, England.]
John G. Fox, Evidence Against Emission Theories, Am. J. Phys.,
33, 1 (1965)