Speech to Inform
SPT 1113 03VC – Oral Communications
Specific Purpose: To inform my audience of what the requirements are to be an effective lifeguard.
Central Idea: Lifeguarding is a significant job obtained upon completion of standard courses, recognition of responsibilities, and adequate knowledge and qualifications.
I. In the summer of 2000, Barry Christner, Abby Greiner, and Nickolas Peck received the Lifesaving Award for the Professional Responder for performing an effective rescue that included the retrieval and successful delivery of CPR to a submerged victim.
II. You, the public, do not always take into consideration the importance of proper lifeguard training.
III. So today I am going to share with you the aspects of lifeguarding that fit together to create a professional aquatics rescuer.
IV. I hope that you will learn to appreciate lifeguards such as myself who spend hours upon hours in the hot sun, day after day, to ensure your safety as a patron by finding out what course requirements the lifeguard completes, the responsibilities of a lifeguard, and the characteristics of a professional lifeguard.
(Transition: Let’s first look at the course requirements a lifeguard must complete.)
I. Lifeguards must pass both written and physical exams in both aquatics and CPR.
A. Each candidate taking a lifeguard course must complete both a written exam and physical exam in aquatics.
1. There are 4 divisions in the physical aquatics lifesaving requirements.
a. 500 yard swim
b. 20 yard swim with a surface dive to retrieve a 10 lb. object and return to starting point
c. 2 minutes of treading water without arm movement
d. victim retrieval lifesaving skills
2. The written aquatics exam must be completed with a passing grade.
B. One example of these life-saving skills is retrieving a victim with possible spinal injuries using in-line stabilization skills, as indicated in the American Red Cross Lifeguard Training book.
C. Each candidate taking a lifeguard course must complete a written and physical exam in CPR.
1.Bob Hlebinsky at
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3. Immediate attention from lifeguards can help save lives that might not have been spared because of delay of advanced medical care.
(Transition: Now let’s move on to the sorts of responsibilities of a lifeguard.)
II. Lifeguarding is full of responsibilities.
A. Lifeguards must hold fast to their responsibilities despite long, hot, stressful days and enormous crowds.
1. Following are 4 examples of responsibilities noted by the American Red Cross Lifeguard Training book.
a. Communication with patrons and co-workers
b. Recognizing and responding to emergencies
c. Enforcing Rules
d. Administering proper first aid care
2. All of these responsibilities combined create a professional appearance in a lifeguard.
B. Lifeguards on duty know , for example, “that even a brief attention lapse on their part can mean death to a swimmer who has slipped to the bottom of a crowded pool” as quoted by Linda Fuoco at the Post Gazette.
C. Heavy responsibility is placed on individual accepting the position of a lifeguard, who is usually high school or college students.
D. Lifeguards may use their job as a learning and development period for benefits as mentioned by the Cape Cod Red Cross division:
1.Ability and initiative to address and solve problems effectively
2. Decision-making skills
3. People-management skills
4. Professional attitude and appearance
5. Leadership and motivation skills
(Transition: Finally, a lifeguard must also meet certain qualifications. Let’s take a look.)
III. To be a lifeguard, you must not only be able to simply pass the written and physical exams, but you must also have other characteristics that qualify you to be considered a professional lifeguard.
A. For example, a lifeguard may be completely courteous and one of the top-notch guards in life-saving skills, but if they are not at work, or there on time, then they cannot be considered reliable by their employer or co-workers.
B. Some examples of significant qualifications are reliability, maturity, courteousy, consistency, professionalism, health, and fitness.
C. Some qualifications may be developed and improved with experience, such as people skills and leadership skills, but lifeguarding candidate must first possess the potential and willingness for improvement.
D. Fuoco states that “the job is not for the faint of heart of the unfit of body”.
(Transition: Now you know the importance of lifeguarding and what comes with the job.)
I. In closing, I would like to ask you if you still think that a lifeguard’s job is a simply a summer job for any high school or college student?
II. Lifeguards not only must have certain qualifications, but they also carry a load of responsibilities with the job upon completion of standard requirements.
III. Consider Barry, Nickolas, and Abby who used their training in CPR, as lifeguards, to save a young boy who would probably have died without their care.
IV. Lifeguarding may appear to be a simple relaxing summer job, but in actuality it is stressful mentally and physically.
V. Thank you for your time and please do appreciate those “bronzed boys and girls of summer” (as Fuoco puts it) whom you entrust your life.
American Red Cross. Lifeguard Training.
American Red Cross of
2004: MSN Search Engine 2001 <http://www.capecodredcross.org/jobs.html.>
Fuoco, Linda W. “Lifeguarding looks Glam, But Reality Can Be Something Else.” Post
Gazette . 22 May 2003: MSN Search Engine.
Ripley, Kristine. “Everyday Heroes: Lifeguards Rule!” Health and Safety Services
Cross) 2000: MSN Search Engine.
I. Written & physical exams in aquatics & CPR
KEEP SMILING! ! !
Fuoco puts it) whom you entrust your life.
SMILE AND THANKS!