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Is Venus A New Planet?

Robert S. Fritzius
Shade Tree Physics

Presented as Poster No. 65.01 at the
American Astronomical Society - Division for Planetary Sciences
annual meeting at Orlando, FL, October 7-12, 2007

This is a HTML version of a PowerPoint Presentation


Missing Venusian Impactors?

Venus Crater
Venusian Impact Crater
NASA - Magellan

Magellan researchers found only 842 impact craters on 89% of the Venus surface mapped through orbit 2578.(1) About 5,000 were expected. The size-density distribution of large craters (diameters >= 35 km) indicates an average age (for the craters) of about 0.5 Ga. It was estimated that about 98% of the small craters (diameters <= 35 km) are missing. This was presumably because they had been "filtered out" by the thick Venusian atmosphere.

spacer

But


Figures 1 and 2 from an article by D.H Speidel show that there may not, in fact, be any missing small craters on Venus.(2)

speidel

Speidel's interpretation of the crater data is that instead of "missing craters," it is the impactors which are missing.

A straightforward but unorthodox way of resolving the missing impactors problem, would be for Venus, as a planet, to be a whole lot younger (than the 0.5 Ga) than is generally believed.

In 1950, Immanuel Velikovsky, Russian psychiatrist, turned catastrophist, argued that Venus is indeed much younger than generally believed.(3) Based on what amounted to a psychoanalysis of ancient global traumatic memories, he concluded that the planet Venus, the commonly identified source in the traumas, was born as a fission product of Jupiter about 3500 years ago. [Worlds in Collision (W. in C. ) 169-172.]

Velikovsky made a number of predictions about what he thought that ancient astronomy and history have to tell us about the strange things we are in the process of discovering in the solar system.


Velikovsky's Predictions

Velikovsky's predictions were scientific heresy in 1950, but most of them have been confirmed. This poster was going to include several of the predictions, along with cited references for their confirmations, but that information can be found by Googling "Velikovsky's predictions." Two predictions and one non-prediction prediction (about Life on Venus) are presented instead.

[1] The atmosphere of Venus, which was actually a remnant of Jupiter's atmosphere, will be rich in petroleum gases.

"If and as long as Venus is too hot for the liquefaction of petroleum, the hydrocarbons will circulate in gaseous form." (W. in C. 369)

This is the most problematic of all of Velikovsky's predictions. In the past year this author received an internet news story saying that hydrocarbons had been found in the Venusian atmosphere, but, alas, he can't find it right now. If you search NADS for "Venus hydrocarbons" you get zero hits.

It may be that during the past 3500 years, solar UV at Venus has photo-dissociated (or helped to oxidize) most of the hydrocarbons. CO2 would be a bi-product of that process. Solar wind particles may also have helped break hydrocarbon chemical bonds.

In 2005, Korean researchers, who revisited Voyager I and 2 IRIS data, were able to map hydrocarbons in Jupiter's stratosphere.(4)

[2] According to Velikovsky, Chinese observations of a heavenly curly tailed dragon should be understood as resulting from charged particles in the ion tail of the comet Venus, spiraling with respect to earth's extended magnetic field. That implied that earth's magnetic field extended many (instead of a few) earth radii into space.

red dragon tiger-dragon
Chinese Dragon and Phoenix

Both figures show an astral curly tailed dragon, along with it's alter-ego the Phoenix, which is frequently depicted as a bright sphere or as a bird. (The sphere, or Phoenix, would be the head of the comet.)

In the right hand image there are spiraling orange stripes running along the body of the tiger-shaped "dragon." These stripes may be interpreted as ions in a comet's ion tail, spiraling with respect to a magnetic field.

Using 35 nano Teslas for earth's magnetic field intensity at ten earth radii, and 400 km/s as the speed for a comet's singly ionized pickup oxygen atoms, leads to an oxygen ion Larmor radius on the order of 1,900 km. Thus, one loop in a 3,800 km wide spiral of oxygen ions at ten earth radii (63,700 km) could subtend an angle of 3.5 degrees. The loop, and its neighbors, would be easily discernible by observers on earth.

Earth's magnetotail retains its near-earth structure out to 220 earth radii.(5) (The average earth-moon distance is 60 earth radii.)


Life on Venus?

Life on Venus is a very Velikovskian concept, but Velikovsky stopped short of making predictions about it. His positive disposition in that direction, however, can be seen in some of the material he called attention to in W. in C.

"When Venus ... flew very close to the earth... the internal heat developed by the earth and the scorching gases of the comet were in themselves sufficient to make the vermin of the earth propagate at a very feverish rate. ...The question arises here whether or not the comet Venus infested the earth with vermin which it may have carried in its trailing atmosphere in the form of larvae together with stones and gases. It is significant that all around the world peoples have associated the planet venus with flies." (W. in C. 184-185)

To Velikovsky, the term "vermin" included flies, dog flies, sand flies, and flesh burrowing worms.

"The modern theory of the origin of petroleum, based upon it's polarizing quality, regards petroleum as originating from organic, not inorganic matter. Consequently, if I am not mistaken, Venus and Jupiter must possess an organic source of petroleum. ... On preceding pages (W. in C. 183-187) it was shown that there are some historical indications that Venus--and therefore Jupiter--is populated by vermin; this organic life can be the source of petroleum." (W. in C. 369)


Smaller than Vermin

In 1963, D. R. Barber, at the Norman Lockyer Astronomical Observatory near Sidmouth, England, reported a series of six alien-like rainwater borne bacterial invasions that occurred over a 25 year period.(6) The short delays (averaging 55 days) between Venus inferior conjunctions and the onset dates of the bacterial invasions, coupled with some very anomalous characteristics of the bacteria, led Barber to speculate that the bacteria originated in the upper atmosphere of Venus and had been being delivered to earth by the solar wind during inferior conjunctions.

Barber's Bacterial Invasions

Barber's Invasions

Smaller Yet

As a follow up to Barber's bacterial study, the author initiated a study of the delays between Venus inferior conjunctions and the onset dates of new strains of influenza and influenza-like illnesses.(7) The histogram on the right is from the study. The probability that all 12 illness onset dates would occur in the first half the Earth-Venus synodic period, by chance, should be p = 0.00024.
Venus flu histogram



Gas Evidence of Venusian Cloud Tops Bacteria
Schulze-Makuch and Irwin(8)

1. Co-existing hydrogen sulphide and sulphur dioxide.
2. Scarcity of carbon monoxide.
3. Presence of carbonyl sulphide.

Early Oceanic Life on Venus?

Grinspoon, favors the view that the surface of Venus may have once harbored microbial life (before runaway greenhouse temperatures banished it to the cloud tops). He is planning to look for evidence of an ancient Venusian water ocean.(9)

The idea of a water ocean ever existing on Venus is very much contrary to Velikovsky's thesis of Venus being a recent product of Jupiter. If anybody finds unambiguous evidence that Venus ever had a water ocean or even liquid water on its surface, it will prove Velikovsky's young Venus hypothesis wrong.


References

(1) Schaber, G.G., et al, J. Geophys. Res., 97, E8 13,257-13,301, (1992)
(2) Speidel, D.H., Lunar and Planetary Inst. Conf., 24, 1333-1334 (1993)
(3) Velikovsky, I., Worlds In Collision, Macmillan (1950); Doubleday (1950)
(4) Seo, H., et al, J. Korean Astronomical Soc., 38, 471-478 (2005)
(5) Slavin, J.A., et al, Geophys. Res. Ltrs., 10, 973-976 (1983)
(6) Barber, D.R., Perspective, 202-208 (1963), The Focal Press, London, New York
(7) Fritzius, R.S., Influenza 1918, A Venus Connection?
http://www.datasync.com/~rsf1/vel/1918.htm (2000)
(8) Schulze-Makuch, D. and Irwin, L., Acidic clouds of Venus
could harbour life, New Scientist, 10:15, 26 September (2002).
(9) Grinspoon, D., Oral presentation 61.09, this conference

Contact Info.

Robert Fritzius fritzius@bellsouth.net
http://www.shadetreephysics.com


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